RSS

Tag Archives: Colombia

La Colombia sceglie una politica coraggiosa con i migranti

In questo momento la Colombia fatica a reggere il peso dell’immigrazione dal Venezuela. Le scuole e gli ospedali sono pieni. Gli spazi pubblici sono sovraffollati. Ciononostante, indifferente a una moderata opposizione dell’opinione pubblica, il governo di destra continua a tenere aperti i confini del paese, attraversati quotidianamente da un numero sempre maggiore di persone in fuga dal collasso dell’economia venezuelana.

Di recente il presidente colombiano Iván Duque ha concesso la cittadinanza a 24mila bambini nati in Colombia da donne venezuelane. Il provvedimento riguarda anche i bambini che nasceranno nei prossimi due anni. È un’offerta generosa, e senz’altro molte venezuelane lasceranno il paese per crescere i loro figli in Colombia.

Ma perché la Colombia, paese afflitto da gravi problemi e appena uscito da vent’anni di guerra civile, fa di tutto per aiutare il Venezuela? Anche se la scelta di Bogotá è stata elogiata dalle istituzioni umanitarie, le azioni del governo colombiano non nascono solo dalla buona volontà, ma anche dal tentativo di controllare un flusso di migranti venezuelani che proverebbero a entrare nel paese anche senza l’offerta della cittadinanza per i bambini.

https://www.internazionale.it/notizie/dylan-baddour/2019/08/22/colombia-migranti

Advertisements
 
Leave a comment

Posted by on August 23, 2019 in South America

 

Tags:

Viaje a las entrañas de la coca en el Cauca

Lo que más impacta al que no está acostumbrado a entrar a un laboratorio para el procesamiento de la pasta base de coca es un olor que produce ardor en la nariz, dificulta respirar, y penetra en minutos la ropa, piel y cabello.

Es una mezcla de gasolina, petróleo, nutrimon, el olor de la hoja de coca picada -similar al que se siente cuando se poda el césped- cemento, cal y ácido sulfúrico, que son los insumos que se usan para producir la pasta.

Ese es el producto que luego se lleva a las cocinas o cristalizaderos en los que, con más químicos, se extrae el clorhidrato de cocaína, que es la droga que se consume en las calles.

Este laboratorio que visité la semana pasada es propiedad de un habitante de Argelia, el segundo municipio con más cultivos de coca en Cauca, con 1.956 hectáreas, después de El Tambo, que tiene 6.661.

Ambos municipios hacen parte de la ruta del narcotráfico que desemboca por el municipio de López de Micay en el Pacífico, pero Argelia tiene una particularidad: a diferencia de otros pueblos cocaleros, desde que se fueron las Farc los que quedaron controlando el negocio son los campesinos que tienen una suerte de Estado paralelo. Aún no hay una disputa armada por el territorio, pese a que los están cercando varios grupos.

https://lasillavacia.com/silla-pacifico/viaje-las-entranas-de-la-coca-en-el-cauca-68894

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on February 9, 2019 in Reportages, South America

 

Tags:

Depois da guerrilha, outra guerra

Luis Fernando Ospina caminha pelo centro de Medellín cumprimentando aqueles com quem cruza o olhar: o vendedor de celulares, o verdureiro, o idoso que espalha livros usados no chão, o segurança. Ele puxa papo, mesmo sem conhecê-los, mas a interação dura pouco. Desde que foi ameaçado de morte e obrigado a deixar a zona rural do povoado de San José de Apartadó, em fevereiro passado, o ativista social de 46 anos, baixo, pele clara e cabelos negros foi perdendo um a um todos os lugares onde se encaixava.

http://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/depois-da-guerrilha-outra-guerra/

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on February 19, 2018 in South America

 

Tags:

¿Quién es “Él”?

Cuando los colombianos leían sobre acoso sexual en Hollywood, se deleitaban con el morbo que esos temas despiertan. Eso produjo un debate sobre cuál es la frontera entre el coqueteo y el acoso, que no ha sido resuelto hasta la fecha. Pero pocos anticipaban que esa ola pudiera llegar al país y no en relación con el mundo de la farándula, sino con el de la política.

http://www.semana.com/nacion/articulo/claudia-morales-no-revela-el-nombre-de-su-violador-y-sugieren-que-es-alvaro-uribe/554944

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on February 17, 2018 in South America

 

Tags:

Colombia’s Guerrillas Come Out of the Jungle

Last September, Carlos Antonio Lozada, a commander of Colombia’s FARC guerrillas, returned home to a jungle encampment in the vast wetland region called Yarí. He had spent the past two years in Havana, staying in a villa near Fidel Castro’s home, while working with other guerrilla leaders and Colombian diplomats on a peace agreement to end the FARC’s fifty-two-year insurgency—the longest in the Western Hemisphere. His time there had been gruelling: an endless succession of arguments, proposals, and counterproposals, with painful testimony from victims of both sides. “It was non-stop,” Lozada told me. At last, though, on August 24th, the two sides reached an agreement. When Lozada’s plane touched down, los camaradas—his fifty-odd personal bodyguards, young men and women who had been with him since they were little more than children—greeted him on the airstrip with a song that they had composed. “They made me cry,” he told me. “Toward the end of my time in Havana, all I could think about was being back here. The FARC is my family.”As Lozada told me this, he was sitting in a thatched hut in Yarí, which has long been dominated by the FARC, sipping Old Parr Scotch. Communist guerrillas are not known for their fashion sense, but Lozada, a limber man with a shaved head and a small paunch, has a dandyish streak. In Havana, he wore loud tropical shirts and suède loafers. In Yarí, he favored T-shirts in hot pink, canary yellow, sky blue. With such bourgeois tastes, Lozada is an unlikely seeming Marxist revolutionary. But, at fifty-six, he is the youngest member of the seven-man secretariat that governs the FARC.

Source: Colombia’s Guerrillas Come Out of the Jungle – The New Yorker

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on April 26, 2017 in South America

 

Tags:

Colombia: A Bright Light is Extinguished

The global scene has been miserable for the last decade at least, if not longer. The world is inundated by wars, big and small, that seem both unending and unendable; by horrendous cruelties about which their perpetrators boast; and by deliberate attacks on so-called safe zones. In this hell on earth, there has been only one bright light. What was called since 1948 la violencia in Colombia seemed to be coming to an end.

The struggle has taken the form since 1964 of an attempt by a peasant guerilla group called the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC), to overthrow the government. The guerilla movement faced the fierce opposition of the government, with the active support of the United States. In addition, there were unofficial murderous right-wing paramilitary forces, which had the unavowed backing of the government.

What became apparent in the last decade was that neither side was able to win an outright military victory. The stalemate and the ensuing battle fatigue led each side to reconsider its all-or-nothing position and to enter into political negotiations. How did this happen?

Colombia: A Bright Light is Extinguished

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on October 24, 2016 in South America

 

Tags:

The Nobel Creates Another Twist in Colombian Peace Talks

In the hours after last Sunday’s plebiscite called by Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos to ratify the peace deal he had struck with his country’s FARC guerrillas—which was rejected by a margin of sixty-three thousand ballots, out of thirteen million cast—memes appeared showing a cartoonish Santos lying prone on the ground, apparently kicked to death by Álvaro Uribe, his arch-adversary and right-wing predecessor. Uribe had launched and led the successful “No” campaign against Santos’s peace deal, opposing it on the grounds that it was too lenient to the FARC, and also exposed government soldiers to possible war-crimes prosecution. In the cartoon, Uribe was depicted as being forcibly led away from the scene by several supporters, with a caption reading, “Enough, leave him, he’s dead.” Another meme riffed on the expectation that Santos’s chances of winning a Nobel Peace Prize—a possibility that had been floating in the atmosphere in recent months—were now doomed.

Source: The Nobel Creates Another Twist in Colombian Peace Talks – The New Yorker

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on October 10, 2016 in South America

 

Tags:

Colombia’s Proof That Democracy Doesn’t Work

It’s a sad country,” says a girl with long copper-colored hair and a dazed look as she puts her phone away while holding back tears. “Sad, indeed,” answers a close-to-elderly man. And around them, in this Colombian plaza, in Medellín, many could say the same. There are moments when citizens come across something that they don’t recognize, and then that something turns out to be their country. That discovery, the horror of that discovery — that’s the feeling so many Colombians had last Sunday night.

Source: Colombia’s Proof That Democracy Doesn’t Work

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on October 10, 2016 in South America

 

Tags:

HOW COLOMBIA’S VOTERS REJECTED PEACE

People everywhere may well be confused by the news coming out of Colombia. Last Monday, September 26th, in an elaborately staged treaty-signing ceremony in Cartagena de Indias, a colonial-era Caribbean city, President Juan Manuel Santos and Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri, alias Timochenko, the leader of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, declared that the country’s fifty-two-year civil war was over. Dozens of V.I.P. guests, including John Kerry, King Juan Carlos of Spain (the former monarch, who abdicated in favor of his son), the Vatican’s secretary of state, Cuba’s Raúl Castro, and other heads of state, were in attendance. Then, in a plebiscite held on Sunday in Colombia, a majority of voters rejected the peace deal, by a margin of sixty-three thousand ballots out of thirteen million cast. The victory of the “No” side has triggered a political crisis of unforeseeable proportions in Colombia. Nobody knows what will happen next.
http://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/how-colombias-voters-rejected-peace/amp

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on October 6, 2016 in South America

 

Tags:

Ya no me siento víctima 

Yo he entendido la historia reciente de mi país no a través de ninguna teoría, sino a través de las historias familiares. Cuando uno tiene una familia numerosa, la ficción es casi innecesaria: en una familia grande, todas las cosas han ocurrido alguna vez. Esas historias me permiten reflexionar sobre lo que ha pasado y sobre lo que pasa en Colombia, para luego tomar una decisión que es política, pero también vital, porque no está dictada por la ideología, sino por la imaginación: trato de pensar de qué manera podríamos vivir mejor, sin matarnos tanto, con menos sufrimiento, con más tranquilidad.
Para explicar por qué celebro y estoy tan feliz con el Acuerdo de Paz entre el Gobierno de Santos y la guerrilla de las FARC, voy a intentar reflexionar con ustedes a partir, otra vez, de una historia familiar.

http://cultura.elpais.com/cultura/2016/09/01/babelia/1472748478_962352.html

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on October 1, 2016 in South America

 

Tags: