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Who Owns the Wind?

“He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the wind.”

That’s the warning in Proverbs 11:29, advice that relies upon common knowledge that there is no tangible value to the wind. One cannot hold or possess moving air, after all, and even if one could, too much gas moves in too many places to give it value. The Mistral, Scirocco, Santa Ana, and Nor’easter have never been scarce. But on the Spanish side of the Strait of Gibraltar, where I conduct ethnographic fieldwork, the Levante and Poniente power multiple wind farms, generating electricity for the region of Andalusia.

https://bostonreview.net/science-nature/david-mcdermott-hughes-who-owns-wind

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Posted by on February 9, 2018 in European Union

 

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Al límit: o guanya Espanya o guanya la independència

Qualsevol hipòtesi sobre el futur polític de les relacions entre Catalunya i Espanya salta pels aires amb enorme facilitat per les alternatives constants que es presenten. Queden uns 50 dies per a les eleccions del 21D i encara poden passar noves variants que canviïn completament el judici sobre el que pot passar.

La jugada hàbil de Mariano Rajoy d’aplicar al mateix temps l’article 155 de la Constitució amb una mà d’acer i convocar eleccions anticipades amb guant de seda havien asserenat els ànims a Catalunya.

El conflicte distava molt de solucionar-se, però les eleccions permetien superar el cercle viciós en el qual estava instal·lada la política catalana i permetia una clarificació global. A més, hi havia el convenciment generalitzat que els partits independentistes es presentarien per separat i el marc parlamentari resultant, per molt complicat que semblés, podria oferir més majories alternatives que no simplement un front absolutament separatista davant de la resta constitucionalista.

http://www.lavanguardia.com/politica/20171106/432657650273/en-diagonal-espanya-independencia-21d.html

 
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Posted by on November 14, 2017 in European Union

 

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Catalan crisis a double-edged sword for Sinn Féin

The Dáil debated the Catalan crisis on Tuesday at Sinn Féin’s request.

How long before the republican party realises this topic is a double-edged sword?

The worse the crisis in Spain becomes, the more it undermines separatist positions inside the UK – and that applies to Scottish nationalists as much as to Irish republicans.

Yet both are clinging ever more tightly to Catalonia, as the reasons for their empathy boil down to confused romanticism.

https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/newton-emerson-catalan-crisis-a-double-edged-sword-for-sinn-f%C3%A9in-1.3268592

 
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Posted by on November 9, 2017 in European Union

 

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Catalogne-Balkans, une inspiration mutuelle

L’éclatement de la Yougoslavie il y a un quart de siècle, resté synonyme de « balkanisation » et de conflits nationalistes, est depuis longtemps une source d’inspiration pour les dirigeants indépendantistes ­catalans. Inversement, la déclaration d’indépendance de la Catalogne suscite dans les Balkans des lectures contrastées, et réveille au passage des velléités chez des nationalistes insatisfaits de la carte de l’après-Yougoslavie.

Dès 1991, Jordi Pujol, l’ancien président de la Généralité de Catalogne (1980-2003) et figure historique du nationalisme catalan, avait trouvé dans l’éclatement simultané de la Yougoslavie et de l’Union soviétique l’annonce d’une nouvelle ère des nations. Si la Croatie avec ses quatre millions et demi d’habitants, l’Estonie avec son million et demi pouvaient ­devenir indépendantes, pourquoi pas la Catalogne qui en compte sept millions ? Pujol, qui parlait alors d’« auto-affirmation » (et non de sécession) de la Catalogne, dut quitter la scène politique pour fraude fiscale. Mais son successeur, Carles Puigdemont, a repris l’argument.

http://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2017/10/28/catalogne-balkans-une-inspiration-mutuelle_5207291_3232.html

 
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Posted by on November 9, 2017 in European Union

 

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EU must take initiative on independence movements

Listening to the mock outrage and dire warnings of violence pouring from politicians and broadcast media over the next steps in Catalonia, the Gospel of Matthew seems strangely relevant. Rarely, in the modern age, has a moment of political transformation revealed more about the preoccupations of onlookers than the “Catalan situation”. Of course, no-one knows precisely what will unfold as the Spanish government seeks to assert its authority on the parliament, police, education system and civil service of the autonomous region turned independent state of Catalonia. And since the Scottish independence referendum was an official affair, whose outcome was always going to be legally binding on both sides, neither Europe nor the UK has had to prepare for a unilateral declaration of independence like the one announced last week.

http://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/lesley-riddoch-eu-must-take-initiative-on-independence-movements-1-4600123

 

 
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Posted by on November 9, 2017 in European Union

 

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Here in Catalonia, people no longer feel like they live in a democracy

Friends and relations had gathered together to lay flowers and light candles on the graves of their departed, as is the custom during Day of the Dead celebrations in Catalonia. The thought of many at the commemorations this year, however, was not of just the past, but what lies ahead in an uncertain future.

The Garrigo family had come to the cemetery on the slope of the Montjuic hills to pay their respect to their grandfather who was killed in a battle at Terrasa in Spain’s civil war; one among the thousands who died trying to save Barcelona from advancing fascist forces. The fall of the Catalan capital, when it took place, was a hammer blow to the country’s Republican government. Hitler and Mussolini increased air strikes, poured in more supplies for Franco to help crush remaining opposition and just a few months later Britain and France recognised the rebel general’s military regime as Spain’s legitimate government.

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/catalonia-day-of-the-dead-independence-referendum-carles-puigdemont-franco-a8032026.html

 
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Posted by on November 5, 2017 in European Union

 

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Que se ha proclamado ¿qué?

La cúpula del independentismo lo ha vuelto a hacer. Cada vez que se encuentra en un atolladero, recurre a la “astucia”. Esta vez en forma de enunciado alambicado y retorcido, un redactado pergeñado para contentar a muchos y que no va a gustar a casi nadie.La esperada frase de Carles Puigdemont no fue el “proclamo la independencia” solemne que esperaban los miles de seguidores que aguardaban frente al Parlament ni las decenas de periodistas de medio mundo. El president anunció que asumía el resultado del 1-O y, por tanto, “el mandato de que Catalunya se convierta en Estado independiente”. ¿Cuándo? No hay plazo. Depende de un diálogo sobre “los resultados” del referéndum que sabe con seguridad que no se va a abrir porque es imposible emprender una negociación con estas premisas. Han ganado los partidarios de una declaración unilateral de independencia (DUI), algo temerosa y en diferido, aunque la frase sea suficiente como para que el Gobierno del PP no pueda quedarse de brazos cruzados. Es una declaración que no se votó, que no será publicada en el Diari Oficial de la Generalitat y que no provocó un estallido de celebraciones en las calles como se supone que haría un pueblo que anhela ese instante desde hace tiempo, pero que puede activar el fatal artículo 155 de la Constitución.

Source: Que se ha proclamado ¿qué?

 
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Posted by on October 16, 2017 in European Union

 

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Spain’s Crisis is Europe’s Opportunity

ATHENS – To revive the ailing European project, the ugly conflict between Catalonia’s regional government and the Spanish state may be just what the doctor ordered. A constitutional crisis in a major European Union member state creates a golden opportunity to reconfigure the democratic governance of regional, national, and European institutions, thereby delivering a defensible, and thus sustainable, EU.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/catalonia-crisis-new-european-sovereignty-by-yanis-varoufakis-2017-10

 
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Posted by on October 9, 2017 in European Union

 

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Why referendums – like with Brexit, Kurdistan and Catalonia – are always doomed to fail

Brexit, Krexit and Crexit: Britain leaves the EU, Kurdistan declares independence from Iraq, Catalonia secedes from Spain – three massive political changes either underway or put on the political agenda by recent referendums. Three very different countries, but in all cases a conviction among a significant number of voters that they would be better off on their own outside any measure of control by a supranational authority like the EU or a nation state like Iraq or Spain.

Referendums have a lot to answer for: no wonder divided governments, demagogues and dictators have such a fondness for them. They have the appearance of popular democracy and give the impression that important decisions are finally being made by reducing complex questions into an over-simple “yes” or “no”. They make public opinion easy to manipulate because what voters are being asked to assent to is most often wishful thinking and what they are opposing is a rag-bag of unrelated grievances. There are a great many unhappy and dissatisfied people in the three countries which have voted in referendums in the last fifteen months, but no reason to suppose that their vote will make them happier or better off.

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/brexit-catalonia-referendum-kurdish-independence-always-doomed-to-fail-a7986836.html

 
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Posted by on October 6, 2017 in Europe, European Union, Middle East

 

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This is why the left can’t bring themselves to back Catalan independence

One of the reliable signs of political opportunism is what, in parallel with particle physics, one may call political correlationism.

Let’s say me and my enemy both hold in our hands a ball, which can be either white or black, and neither of us knows its colour. I am also not allowed to look into my own folded palm, so we have here four possibilities: white-white, black-black, black-white, and white-black. Now let’s suppose that for some reason, we both know that the two balls (the one in my hand and in the one in my enemy’s hand) are opposite in colour – in this case, there are only two possibilities (black-white and white-black). And, if by some luck, I get to know the colour of the ball in the hand of my enemy’s hands, I automatically know the colour of mine – as the two balls are correlated. (This happen when particles are split and heir spins remain correlated – if I measure the spin of one particle, I know automatically the spin of the other.)

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/catalan-independence-referendum-spain-liberal-left-european-union-russia-a7982471.html

 
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Posted by on October 5, 2017 in European Union

 

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