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Tag Archives: United Nations

Os desafios de Guterres

O maior desafio imediato para Guterres, como Secretário Geral das Nações Unidas, será o controlo das expectativas. O poder do SG é limitado mas a sua principal função é muito ambiciosa, talvez demasiado: contribuir para manter a paz no mundo. Para um político a assimetria entre o poder e a função, sobretudo quando é desfavorável ao primeiro, constitui sempre um enorme desafio. Por isso mesmo, convém controlar e limitar as expectativas sobre o que Guterres poderá fazer. Por exemplo, pedir a Guterres que resolva a crise dos refugiados apenas aumenta as expectativas de um modo irrealista. Nenhum político o conseguirá fazer e nem sequer compete ao SG da ONU fazê-lo, como de resto Guterres bem sabe.

Source: Os desafios de Guterres

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Posted by on October 21, 2016 in Reportages

 

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Can a new UN leader change the Middle East? 

As the hour draws near for the changing of the UN guard – the selection of a new secretary general – many observers have signed up to the campaign for a female leader to take the organisation’s reins for the first time in its more than 70 year history.There are several women among the current candidates to replace Ban Ki-moon whose 10-year term expires in December, although none has done particularly well in straw polls.But while men should certainly not continue to dominate the international scene for the rest of eternity, there’s also the question of what any individual – regardless of gender – can bring to the UN in terms of organisational change.

Source: Can a new UN leader change the Middle East? | Middle East Eye

 
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Posted by on August 16, 2016 in Reportages

 

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The sex-for-food scandal in Central African Republic

In late March, a report commissioned by the Colombian government claimed that US military soldiers and contractors had sexually abused at least 54 children in Colombia between 2003 and 2007, emphasising that the perpetrators had not been brought to justice on account of diplomatic agreements between the US and Colombia which protect US military personnel from prosecution.While this report made some headlines in Latin America, the US and European media barely mentioned the story – nor did international human rights organisations. Yet last week’s revelations that French troops sexually abused children in the Central African Republic in 2014 have drawn global media attention. This scandal has raised diplomatic tensions, led to the suspension of a senior UN official – and the reason for the widespread outrage is that it appears the United Nations sought to bury an internal report detailing the abuses.

via The sex-for-food scandal in Central African Republic — www.aljazeera.com.

 
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Posted by on May 11, 2015 in Africa

 

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The Israel Lobby’s Gay-Rights Hypocrisy

LONDON – One of the few liberal victories in a conservative age in the United States has been the formal acceptance of homosexuality. Same-sex marriage is now recognized by the federal government and is legal in 35 out of 50 states.

The US is not alone. Nineteen other countries (or regions of countries) – mostly in Europe and North and South America – now allow gay couples to marry legally. South Africa is the only African country where same-sex marriage is permitted, and it is not legal anywhere in Asia or the Middle East, where to be openly gay can still be extremely dangerous. Last year, Uganda enacted a law – attributed partly to the influence of well-funded evangelical missionaries from the US – mandating a life sentence for people caught in homosexual acts. In Iran, sodomy can lead to a death sentence, as is true in Saudi Arabia, Hamas-controlled Gaza, and, of course, under the lash of militant groups like the Islamic State.

via The Israel Lobby’s Gay-Rights Hypocrisy — www.project-syndicate.org.

 
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Posted by on January 10, 2015 in Middle East, Reportages

 

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Double standards in the world order

Palestine approaches the United Nations Security Council asking to set a deadline to end the Israeli occupation. It is rebuffed by the United States.Palestine approaches the International Criminal Court (ICC), seeking membership in this world body. The United States threatens to cut its funding to the Palestinian Authority while Israel threatens to accelerate its settlement policy.The US State Department’s hyperventilated reaction included the suggestion that entry into the ICC “badly damages the atmosphere with the very people with whom [the Palestinians] ultimately need to make peace.” Just as Palestine attempts to use the very legal means that it is accused of abjuring, it is blamed for being “unhelpful”.The infancy of the United Nations was spent in Palestine – in the late 1940s, its major agencies grew up around the expulsion of the Palestinians, the creation of the refugee crisis and the refusal of the new state of Israel to budge on the question of Palestinian rights. Now, the United Nations is once more the terrain on which the question of Palestine rests, if barely.

via Double standards in the world order — zcomm.org.

 
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Posted by on January 9, 2015 in Middle East, North America, Reportages

 

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Making Poverty History

In December, the United Nations sounded the alarm. Releasing its report on the World Social Situation of 2013, entitled “Inequality Matters,” the UN warned that inequality was deepening, and that no country was immune from the contagion. In the Global South, the hemorrhaging of incomes among working people has been about as dramatic as in the Global North. If there is one social process that the planet shares, it is global inequality.How does the UN explain this rise in inequality? What the data suggests, the UN reports, is that “inequality has increased mainly because the wealthiest individuals have become wealthier, both in developed and developing countries.” The top 1% has siphoned off the social wealth for its private gain, and the bottom 99% — which produced the social wealth – has to live off its crumbs. What’s clear is that capitalism is incapable of ending poverty or substantially reducing inequality.

via Making Poverty History — zcomm.org.

 
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Posted by on November 11, 2014 in Reportages

 

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Why did Turkey lose in the UN vote?

The Turkish government is understandably trying to play down its defeat in the United Nations vote for the Security Council’s temporary seats.To secure one of those seats during the 2015-16 term had been a very important target for President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan during his Prime Ministry period. It has been a major target for not only the Foreign Ministry but also for a number of public agencies. For the last few years, the Turkish Cooperation and Development Agency TİKA built schools and opened water wells in distant African and South Asian countries, Turkish Airlines THY established new direct flight routes to capitals without giving much priority to profitability – and nobody knows the amount of money from the secret budget of the prime minister formerly Erdoğan, then Ahmet Davutoğlu for this purpose – expecting that poorer countries would then vote for Turkey when the day comes.

via Why did Turkey lose in the UN vote? – MURAT YETKİN.

 
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Posted by on October 24, 2014 in Middle East, Reportages

 

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On the UN and War in Gaza

When Ban Ki-moon called for an “end to the violence” in Gaza last month, his call fell on deaf ears. When he urged an “end to the madness”, Israel yawned. It wasn’t until the UN Security Council issued a mild presidential statement urging an “immediate humanitarian ceasefire” that the Israeli government snapped.Even though the statement fell short of Palestinian and Arab demands, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called UN chief Ban Ki-moon to protest the statement’s partiality towards Hamas. He lectured him about the rights and wrongs of its wordings, even though the statement never mentioned Israel or Hamas by name, and, besides, Ban Ki-moon is not responsible for UN Security Council Statements.President Mahmoud Abbas made no such call to the secretary general, but a group of distinguished scholars and NGOs told him in an open letter that he should either stand for law and justice or resign.

via On the UN and War in Gaza — zcomm.org.

 
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Posted by on August 20, 2014 in Middle East

 

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Post-Soviet referenda: The dream of idealists

Self-determination is an elusive concept. It means different things to different people. A referendum is a potent instrument to enable democratic decision-making and actions based on the will of the majority. The controversy is over who has the legal and legitimate right to decide to conduct a referendum.

Now put the two together – a referendum to practice self-determination – and you get the confusion and chaos that has been created throughout the world over the so-called parade of sovereignties. In addition to legal discrepancies and political bickering, the situation is further exacerbated because of the lack of clear international rules on the legitimate timing and choice of referenda. To top it all off, there is the matter of the double standards of the major powers in pursuit of their geopolitical interests.

via Post-Soviet referenda: The dream of idealists — www.aljazeera.com.

 
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Posted by on May 14, 2014 in Europe

 

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The new world order? Part 2

There is no doubt that from a statist perspective, Russia violated international law by non-defensively using force to acquire territory belonging to Ukraine, another sovereign state.

Russia’s international legal wrongs were accentuated by breaking a treaty it signed with Ukraine in 1994 to respect the existing borders. This agreement also stipulated that Ukraine transfer its stockpile of nuclear weapons to Russia for safekeeping following the breakup of the Soviet Union.

via The new world order? Part 2 — www.aljazeera.com.

 
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Posted by on April 8, 2014 in Reportages

 

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