RSS

Author Archives: manueldg82

Chi vuole scatenare una guerra nello stretto di Hormuz

Come fareste se voleste scatenare una guerra in una regione che vive di petrolio e gas e attraverso la quale passa buona parte dell’approvvigionamento di idrocarburi del mondo? Semplice, attacchereste le petroliere.

È esattamente quello che è accaduto il 13 giugno nel mare di Oman, nei pressi dello stretto di Hormuz attraverso il quale transitano ogni anno circa 2.400 petroliere. Due navi cisterna cariche sono state attaccate e sono stati pubblicati video che le mostrano in fiamme. Gli equipaggi sono stati messi in salvo.

https://www.internazionale.it/opinione/pierre-haski/2019/06/14/petroliere-stretto-hormuz

 

Advertisements
 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 14, 2019 in Middle East, Uncategorized

 

Tags: ,

Il nazionalismo che viene dall’Europa dell’est

La risposta alla domanda se in Europa centrale i concetti di nazione e nazionalismo hanno un significato diverso che nell’Europa occidentale o negli Stati Uniti è senza dubbio affermativa. Sì, l’idea di nazione nella mente dei polacchi, dei cechi, degli slovacchi, degli ungheresi, dei lituani, dei lettoni, degli estoni, e anche degli ucraini, dei bielorussi, dei romeni, dei moldavi, dei bulgari, degli sloveni, dei croati, dei serbi, dei macedoni, dei musulmani bosniaci, degli albanesi è in molti casi estremamente diversa da quella a cui sono abituati i britannici, i francesi, gli spagnoli, gli italiani e perfino i cittadini della Mitteleuropa, come i tedeschi o gli austriaci. Questa specificità è al tempo stesso motivo di orgoglio e ragione di complessi profondamente nascosti.

Questa riflessione del politologo polacco Radosław Zenderowski, pubblicata nella preziosa raccolta di saggi Understanding Central Europe, è una premessa necessaria se si decide di affrontare la questione del ritorno del nazionalismo in uno spazio geografico particolare – l’Europa centrorientale – proprio mentre il cosiddetto sovranismo, le politiche identitarie e le tendenze autoritarie si diffondono in mezza Europa e in molte altre aree del pianeta.

https://www.internazionale.it/bloc-notes/andrea-pipino/2019/06/14/nazionalismo-europa-orientale

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 14, 2019 in European Union

 

Tags:

China wants us to forget the horrors of Tiananmen as it rewrites its history

Remembering the deaths of 4 June 1989 is no neutral task. It is a civic duty, a burden and an act of resistance in countering a state-level lie that risks spreading far beyond China’s borders.

On that day the Communist party sent tanks to clear protesters from Tiananmen Square in the centre of Beijing, killing hundreds of people, maybe more than a thousand. In the intervening years, China has systematically erased the evidence and memory of this violent suppression using its increasingly hi-tech apparatus of censorship and control.

We know this first-hand: one of us was present in Beijing in 1989, while the other wrote a book on Tiananmen’s legacy. Neither of us ever intended to become an activist, yet to broach the subject of 4 June publicly is to challenge the Communist party’s silence and counter Beijing’s attempts at excising this episode from history. Journalists generally shy away from taking political or ideological positions and yet, since China has for 30 years tried to deny its crime, the simple act of writing about it unwittingly tips us into activism.

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/may/19/china-wants-us-to-forget-the-horrors-of-tiananmen-as-it-rewrites-its-history

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 13, 2019 in Asia

 

Tags:

How Narendra Modi Seduced India With Envy and Hate

Before dawn on Feb. 26, Narendra Modi, the Hindu nationalist prime minister of India, ordered an aerial attack on the country’s nuclear-armed neighbor, Pakistan. There were thick clouds that morning over the border. But Mr. Modi claimed earlier this month, during his successful campaign for re-election, that he had overruled advisers who worried about them. He is ignorant of science, he admitted, but nevertheless trusted his “raw wisdom,” which told him that the cloud cover would prevent Pakistani radar from detecting Indian fighter jets.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 13, 2019 in Asia

 

Tags:

Mexico, Cuba, and Trump’s Increasing Preference for Punishment Over Diplomacy

In his approach to the carrot-versus-stick equation that is central to statecraft, Donald Trump always opts for the stick. Apparently unaware of, or unconcerned with, the advantages offered by the canny use of public diplomacy, coercive tactics have become a main feature of his Presidency. On the international stage, Trump has used rhetorical bluster, unleashed financial sanctions, and threatened military action against adversaries such as Iran, Venezuela, and North Korea, and has deployed withering tariffs to initiate an ongoing trade war with China. It is not only against nations with which the White House has ideological differences that Trump has chosen such an approach; he has also made rumblings about slapping tariffs on imports from long-standing American allies, including Canada, France, and Germany.

The weaker the country, the more bullying Trump’s behavior. In March, for instance, in a bid to pressure the nations from which much of the current surge of migrants is arriving, he announced cuts to U.S. humanitarian aid to Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. On May 30th, he moved to punish Mexico over immigration, as well. He peremptorily announced, via a pair of tweets, that he had decided to tax all Mexican imports with a five-per-cent tariff, beginning June 10th, “until such time as illegal migrants coming through Mexico, and into our Country, STOP. The Tariff will gradually increase until the Illegal Immigration problem is remedied, at which time the Tariffs will be removed.” His idea was that the tariff would rise by five per cent at the beginning of every month until it reached twenty-five per cent—the same rate he has levied against China.

https://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/mexico-cuba-and-trumps-increasing-preference-for-punishment-over-diplomacy

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 12, 2019 in South America

 

Tags: , ,

The Anthropocene epoch: have we entered a new phase of planetary history?

It was February 2000 and the Nobel laureate Paul Crutzen was sitting in a meeting room in Cuernavaca, Mexico, stewing quietly. Five years earlier, Crutzen and two colleagues had been awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry for proving that the ozone layer, which shields the planet from ultraviolet light, was thinning at the poles because of rising concentrations of industrial gas. Now he was attending a meeting of scientists who studied the planet’s oceans, land surfaces and atmosphere. As the scientists presented their findings, most of which described dramatic planetary changes, Crutzen shifted in his seat. “You could see he was getting agitated. He wasn’t happy,” Will Steffen, a chemist who organised the meeting, told me recently.

What finally tipped Crutzen over the edge was a presentation by a group of scientists that focused on the Holocene, the geological epoch that began around 11,700 years ago and continues to the present day. After Crutzen heard the word Holocene for the umpteenth time, he lost it. “He stopped everybody and said: ‘Stop saying the Holocene! We’re not in the Holocene any more,’” Steffen recalled. But then Crutzen stalled. The outburst had not been premeditated, but now all eyes were on him. So he blurted out a name for a new epoch. A combination of anthropos, the Greek for “human”, and “-cene”, the suffix used in names of geological epochs, “Anthropocene” at least sounded academic. Steffen made a note.

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/may/30/anthropocene-epoch-have-we-entered-a-new-phase-of-planetary-history

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 12, 2019 in Reportages

 

Tags: ,

L’Europe, une moribonde qui se porte bien

Il y a désormais une idée neuve en Europe : l’Europe. Plus exactement : l’Union européenne. S’il y a en effet une idée gagnante dans ce scrutin, c’est bien l’idée européenne. Contrairement à tant de pronostics sinistres, à tant de prophéties bidon débitées par les nationalistes, elle a résisté victorieusement à toutes les crises et son assise électorale reste solide. Sa légitimité s’est même renforcée grâce à une participation repartie à la hausse. Alors que la mobilisation des électeurs ne cessait de se dégrader de scrutin en scrutin, elle vient de se redresser nettement, pour repasser au-dessus de la barre des 50 %, meilleur score depuis des lustres. Les affaires de l’UE, de toute évidence, intéressent de nouveau les électeurs, qui savent bien que certains problèmes essentiels – l’écologie, l’immigration, l’agriculture, la pêche, la stratégie industrielle, la monnaie, le dérèglement financier – ne pourront se résoudre sans une coopération renforcée entre les nations de l’Union.

https://www.liberation.fr/planete/2019/05/27/l-europe-une-moribonde-qui-se-porte-bien_1730037

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 11, 2019 in European Union

 

Tags:

Reasons for Hope and Concern in Europe’s Elections

Last week’s elections to the European Parliament, like many other elections these days, were more of an ideological battleground than a process of choosing representatives to a legislature. The populist nationalists on the rise across much of the world had been expected to score big, and to the degree that they fell short there was relief. But there was little else to pop Champagne corks about.

The European Parliament itself is not an institution many Europeans feel strongly about, and past elections have reflected that disinterest. But the rise of populism and a broad dissatisfaction with traditional parties turned this year’s elections into something of a referendum on populist nationalism, on the European Union itself and on the mainstream parties.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 11, 2019 in European Union

 

Tags:

Is Donald Trump a fascist? Well, he’s not Mussolini or Hitler just yet – but he’s not far off

Is Donald Trump a fascist? The question is usually posed as an insult rather than as a serious inquiry. A common response is that “he is not as bad as Hitler”, but this rather dodges the issue. Hitler was one hideous exponent of fascism, which comes in different flavours but he was by no means the only one.

The answer is that fascist leaders and fascism in the 1920s and 1930s were similar in many respects to Trump and Trumpism. But they had additional toxic characteristics, born out of a different era and a historic experience different from the United States.

What are the most important features of fascism? They include ultra-nationalism and authoritarianism; the demonisation and persecution of minorities; a cult of the leader; a demagogic appeal to the “ignored” masses and against a “treacherous” establishment; contempt for parliamentary institutions; disregard for the law while standing on a law and order platform; control of the media and the crushing of criticism; slogans promising everything to everybody; a promotion of force as a means to an end leading to violence, militarism and war.

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/trump-fascism-populism-authoritarianism-hitler-mussolini-a8949496.html

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 11, 2019 in North America

 

Tags: ,

Bloated bodies in the Nile show Sudan protesters were right to fear the arrival of Saudi and UAE money

The Sudanese democracy demonstrators were the first to protest at Saudi Arabia’s interference in their revolution. We all knew that the Saudis and the Emiratis had been funnelling millions of dollars into the regime of Omar al-Bashir, wanted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court and now chucked out of power by a Sisi-like military cabal. But it was the sit-in protesters who first thought up the slogan: “We do not want Saudi aid even if we have to eat beans and falafel!”

It was shouted, of course, along with the more familiar chants of ‘revolution of the people”.

Few noticed this little development – save, to give it credit, The Washington Post – but the dozens of waterlogged bodies being dragged from the Nile should focus our attention on the support which the Emiratis and especially the Saudis are now lavishing upon the pseudo-transitional military government in Sudan.

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/sudan-saudi-arabia-egypt-abdul-fattah-al-burhan-hemeti-dagolo-nile-a8952321.html

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 11, 2019 in Middle East

 

Tags: , , ,