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Il nazionalismo che viene dall’Europa dell’est

La risposta alla domanda se in Europa centrale i concetti di nazione e nazionalismo hanno un significato diverso che nell’Europa occidentale o negli Stati Uniti è senza dubbio affermativa. Sì, l’idea di nazione nella mente dei polacchi, dei cechi, degli slovacchi, degli ungheresi, dei lituani, dei lettoni, degli estoni, e anche degli ucraini, dei bielorussi, dei romeni, dei moldavi, dei bulgari, degli sloveni, dei croati, dei serbi, dei macedoni, dei musulmani bosniaci, degli albanesi è in molti casi estremamente diversa da quella a cui sono abituati i britannici, i francesi, gli spagnoli, gli italiani e perfino i cittadini della Mitteleuropa, come i tedeschi o gli austriaci. Questa specificità è al tempo stesso motivo di orgoglio e ragione di complessi profondamente nascosti.

Questa riflessione del politologo polacco Radosław Zenderowski, pubblicata nella preziosa raccolta di saggi Understanding Central Europe, è una premessa necessaria se si decide di affrontare la questione del ritorno del nazionalismo in uno spazio geografico particolare – l’Europa centrorientale – proprio mentre il cosiddetto sovranismo, le politiche identitarie e le tendenze autoritarie si diffondono in mezza Europa e in molte altre aree del pianeta.

https://www.internazionale.it/bloc-notes/andrea-pipino/2019/06/14/nazionalismo-europa-orientale

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Posted by on June 14, 2019 in European Union

 

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L’Europe, une moribonde qui se porte bien

Il y a désormais une idée neuve en Europe : l’Europe. Plus exactement : l’Union européenne. S’il y a en effet une idée gagnante dans ce scrutin, c’est bien l’idée européenne. Contrairement à tant de pronostics sinistres, à tant de prophéties bidon débitées par les nationalistes, elle a résisté victorieusement à toutes les crises et son assise électorale reste solide. Sa légitimité s’est même renforcée grâce à une participation repartie à la hausse. Alors que la mobilisation des électeurs ne cessait de se dégrader de scrutin en scrutin, elle vient de se redresser nettement, pour repasser au-dessus de la barre des 50 %, meilleur score depuis des lustres. Les affaires de l’UE, de toute évidence, intéressent de nouveau les électeurs, qui savent bien que certains problèmes essentiels – l’écologie, l’immigration, l’agriculture, la pêche, la stratégie industrielle, la monnaie, le dérèglement financier – ne pourront se résoudre sans une coopération renforcée entre les nations de l’Union.

https://www.liberation.fr/planete/2019/05/27/l-europe-une-moribonde-qui-se-porte-bien_1730037

 
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Posted by on June 11, 2019 in European Union

 

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Reasons for Hope and Concern in Europe’s Elections

Last week’s elections to the European Parliament, like many other elections these days, were more of an ideological battleground than a process of choosing representatives to a legislature. The populist nationalists on the rise across much of the world had been expected to score big, and to the degree that they fell short there was relief. But there was little else to pop Champagne corks about.

The European Parliament itself is not an institution many Europeans feel strongly about, and past elections have reflected that disinterest. But the rise of populism and a broad dissatisfaction with traditional parties turned this year’s elections into something of a referendum on populist nationalism, on the European Union itself and on the mainstream parties.

 
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Posted by on June 11, 2019 in European Union

 

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A true European democracy begins with equal rights for all

For the current round of European elections, it has been European citizens who have taken the lead: they are out on the streets of Europe, organising demonstrations (such as European May, or #oneEuropeforAll), running roadshows (“European Alternatives”), offering free interrail journeys to young people, writing one manifesto after the other (VoxEurop, EuropaNow!, Civico Europa’s call for a new European renaissance, and many others), creating transnational parties (Volt, DiEM25, European Spring) and making their presence felt at markets across Europe each and every Sunday at 2pm, like PulseofEurope.

Virtual European passports are being distributed online by Austrian rock band Bilderbuch, along with German comedian Jan Böhmermann. There has been an unprecedented popular mobilisation during these European elections, and it seems to be working: 59 percent of Polish citizens intend to go to the ballot box, which would be twice as many who voted in 2014; similarly, 69 percent of Germans say they will vote, which would represent a 20 percent increase in turnout. Never has the European Commission spent so much time and money on communication and events to discuss the benefits that the EU brings, and challenges it faces.

https://voxeurop.eu/en/2019/27-voices-europe-5123263

 
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Posted by on May 27, 2019 in European Union, Uncategorized

 

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What Do Europeans Really Want?

In less than a month, Europeans will cast their ballots to elect the next European Parliament. If you read the Continent’s major newspapers and listen to political leaders, you will come to believe that the European electorate is radically polarized and voters are prepared to make a fateful choice. The elections this month, we often hear, will become a kind of referendum. The far right expects it to be a referendum on migration (or more accurately, on Brussels’s failure to deal with it), while progressive pro-Europeans foresee it as a referendum on the very survival of the European Union. Far-right strategists hope that the election will resemble Donald Trump’s 2016 victory, while pro-European progressives expect the elections to resemble the second round of the presidential vote in France in 2017, when Emmanuel Macron defeated Marine Le Pen. Both sides, we are told, agree on one thing: We face a tribal war between populist-nationalists and committed Europeanists.

 
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Posted by on May 27, 2019 in European Union, Uncategorized

 

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La legge del mare

Dal 2015 al 2017 ho visto mutare profondamente l’atteggiamento dell’opinione pubblica rispetto a questi viaggi e a chi li intraprende, nel giro di un tempo ancora più breve ho assistito all’esplosione di un clima di sospetto verso i soccorritori, i volontari, chiunque pratichi la solidarietà. Un clima, occorre dirlo, che si è diffuso in tutta Europa, in particolare nei paesi governati dai partiti della destra. I soccorritori, con le loro denunce e le loro testimonianze, sono diventati testimoni scomodi e sono stati oggetto di una campagna di discredito, un processo di criminalizzazione che è partito dal basso e ha trovato ampio spazio nelle dichiarazioni e nelle iniziative più o meno esplicite di diversi politici. Le voci di chi cercava di aiutare, di salvare vite, di intervenire là dove l’Europa si mostrava incapace sono state marginalizzate e lo spazio umanitario d’intervento si è rapidamente ridotto, non solo in mare ma anche sul fronte dell’accoglienza.

http://www.italiaperme.com/la-legge-del-mare-annalisa-camilli/

 
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Posted by on May 20, 2019 in European Union

 

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The politics of suburbia in Europe

FROM MAY 23rd to 26th, voters in the EU will elect a new European Parliament. But where is the bellwether? What sort of place, on a sprawling and diverse continent, reveals its overall state of mind? The crucial divide used to be left versus right. Areas with co-operative or working-class economic traditions (Emilia Romagna in Italy or the Ruhr in Germany) tended to the left. Strongholds of political centralism (Castile in Spain), prosperous borderlands (Skane in Sweden) or regions with a self-sufficient spirit (Bavaria in Germany) leant right. The bellwethers were the places that blended those tendencies: Lower Saxony in Germany, for example, or Aragon in Spain.

https://www.economist.com/europe/2019/05/11/the-politics-of-suburbia-in-europe

 
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Posted by on May 17, 2019 in European Union, Uncategorized

 

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Arrogance, fanaticism and the prospect of a US-Iranian war

Tensions between the United States and Iran have flared up since the Trump administration withdrew from the nuclear deal with Iran last year and began ratcheting up sanctions on the Islamic Republic.

Earlier this month, tensions turned into threats, as Washington refused to extend sanctions waivers for buyers of Iranian oil, designated Iran’s elite Revolutionary Guards (IRGC) a terrorist organisation, and began military preparations to deter Iran.

These measures are pushing the Iranian economy to the brink. Oil exports, which have already dwindled from 2.5 million to less than 1.3 million barrels a day since last year, could drop even further, crippling the state budget. Ordinary Iranians, who are already suffering from the raging inflation (currently at 40 percent) and skyrocketing prices of goods, will likely bear the brunt of Washington’s push to bring Iranian oil exports to zero. And this is only the beginning.

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/arrogance-fanaticism-prospect-iranian-war-190430085736682.html

 

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Europe has no power in the escalating US-Iran conflict

Brexiteers in Britain are denouncing the EU as an all-powerful behemoth from whose clutches Britain must escape, just as the organisation is demonstrating its failure to become more than a second-rate world power.

The EU’s real status – well behind the US, Russia and China – has just been demonstrated by its inability to protect Iran from US sanctions following President Trump’s withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal of 2015. A year ago, Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron made humiliating visits to Washington to plead vainly with Trump to stay with the agreement, but were rebuffed.

Since then the US has successfully ratcheted up economic pressure on Iran, reducing its oil exports from 2.8 to 1.3 million barrels a day. The UK, France and Germany had promised to create a financial vehicle to circumvent US sanctions, but their efforts have been symbolic. Commercial enterprises are, in any case, too frightened of the ire of the US treasury to take advantage of such measures.

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/trump-iran-us-conflict-war-trade-sanctions-a8908741.html

 
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Posted by on May 11, 2019 in Middle East

 

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Why Viktor Orbán and his allies won’t win the EU elections

Democratic politics need drama. Elections are a form of therapy session in which voters are confronted with their worst fears – a new war, demographic collapse, economic crisis, environmental horror – but become convinced they have the power to avert the devastation. “As the election approaches,” Alexis de Tocqueville observed during his travels across the US in the early 19th century, “intrigue becomes more active and agitation lively and more widespread. The entire nation falls into a feverish state … As soon as fortune has pronounced … everything becomes calm, and the river, one moment overflowed, returns peacefully to its bed.”If Tocqueville is right, then in front of our eyes the European Union is turning into a true democracy. Traditionally uneventful and boring, European parliament elections are for the first time producing drama usually reserved for the national stage. With two months to go before the vote, a majority of Europeans share a sense that something important will happen, and that a special place in hell will be reserved for those Europeans who don’t bother to vote. But who will have benefited once the election campaign is over?

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/mar/20/viktor-orban-eu-elections-rightwing-populists-immigration

 
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Posted by on April 15, 2019 in European Union

 

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