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Tag Archives: Libya

Russia is about to face its biggest test yet in Syria

An American reader tired of corona journalism sent me a plea this week: “There must be plenty of cruelty being unleashed by the gangsters-in-chief across the ‘Mideast’ that simply isn’t making it into the headlines,” she wrote. “Trump et al are either ignoring it or silently condoning it.”

I doubt if Donald Trump is ignoring it, but I do think he’s ignorant of it. And condoning is a bit of a long word for the current occupants of the White House. But here goes.

Russia, we are now led to believe, is losing ground in Libya as its most recent ally, the Libyan-American – and erstwhile friend of Washington – General Khalifa Haftar retreats from Tripoli, losing even the city of Sabratha to the “internationally recognised” government.

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/syria-idlib-aleppo-russia-putin-damascus-assad-a9467941.html

 
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Posted by on April 16, 2020 in Europe, Uncategorized

 

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A Police State With an Islamist Twist: Inside Hifter’s Libya

The field marshal stares from billboards into the wreckage of the Libyan city of Benghazi. His uniform is festooned with epaulets and honors, even as the civil war he is waging has stalled into a bloody stalemate.

His plainclothes security agents loiter and listen in cafes and hotel lobbies. He has handed control of the mosques to extremist preachers. And he has showered patronage on a tribal death squad called the Avengers of Blood, blamed for a long string of disappearances and killings of his political opponents.

“We are living in a prison,” said Ahmed Sharkasi, a liberal activist from Benghazi who fled to Tunis because of threats on his life.

Khalifa Hifter, the 76-year-old commander known in his dominion as “the marshal,” is the military ruler of eastern Libya. He has been fighting for nearly six years to take control of the country, and he has been waging an assault on the capital, Tripoli, for the last 10 months.

 
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Posted by on March 11, 2020 in Africa

 

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The Man Who Cut Libya’s Oil Supply Is Getting Harder to Handle

No one, it seems, was able to reason with Khalifa Haftar. If the idea was for an impressive cast of big hitters to apply enough pressure to bring the 76-year-old Libyan military commander to heel, it didn’t work.

On the eve of an international summit in Berlin on Sunday, Haftar followed through on months of private warnings and crippled his country’s oil supplies by shutting down half of production. That was less than a week after he had walked out of talks in Moscow aimed at a durable cease-fire in Libya’s increasingly intractable civil war.

As leaders and diplomats prepared to leave the German capital, they had agreed common ground to work toward peace. Haftar and Libya’s prime minister, Fayez al-Sarraj, must now each name a five-person committee that can meet in Geneva in coming days. But Haftar remains the wildcard, a man who is — for now — proving adept at leveraging his influence as world powers become more entangled in Libya’s conflict.

https://www.msn.com/en-za/money/markets/the-man-who-cut-libyas-oil-supply-is-getting-harder-to-handle/ar-BBZ8BOf

 
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Posted by on January 28, 2020 in Africa

 

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Libye : un cessez-le-feu précaire à Tripoli

Installés dans un café du jardin de Dahra, au centre de Tripoli, les trois hommes passent inaperçus. Khaled reçoit la nouvelle sur son téléphone : «Ça a tapé au niveau du bâtiment des passeports de Salaheddine [à 14 km du centre-ville, ndlr]. On a eu un mort.» L’annonce ne surprend pas plus que ça les frères d’armes en permission, bien que ce dimanche soit officiellement le premier jour du cessez-le-feu. «Ils n’ont aucune règle en face, s’emporte Mohamed chargé de la logistique dans l’unité combattante. Ils bombardent les immeubles de civils.» La veille, les trois hommes étaient au front pour empêcher l’Armée nationale arabe libyenne (LNA) de Khalifa Haftar de s’emparer de Tripoli. Eux se battent sous les couleurs du gouvernement d’union nationale (GUN) du Premier ministre Faïez el-Serraj, reconnu par la communauté internationale.

https://www.liberation.fr/planete/2020/01/13/libye-un-cessez-le-feu-precaire-a-tripoli_1772836

 
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Posted by on January 20, 2020 in Africa

 

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Turkey looks to Libya to break its growing isolation in the region

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has framed his country’s military deployment to Libya as a matter of survival, not only for Turkey’s strategic interests across the region but also for Libya’s Government of National Accord (GNA).

The head of Libya’s High Council of State, Khalid al-Mishri, told MEE that Turkey’s upcoming military support to the GNA would prevent General Khalifa Haftar’s forces from taking control of Tripoli. From high-level political figures to military commanders on the frontline, I found consensus during a recent visit to Tripoli that Turkey is the only country able to push back Haftar and contribute to rebuilding the Libyan state.

Turkey’s new military step in the context of the Libyan conflict provides strategic leverage for both sides and will ultimately bring new dimensions – as well as challenges – to Ankara’s regional strategy.

Strategic objectives
On 27 November, Turkey and Libya signed two separate memorandums of understanding on military cooperation and the maritime boundaries of countries in the eastern Mediterranean region, aiming to achieve their mutual strategic objectives.

In the short term, the GNA aims to push back Haftar’s forces in Tripoli; in the medium term, the Libyans seek to consolidate their partnership with Turkey to find a real solution to contain Haftar and bring Ankara into the Libyan picture as an external balance.

https://www.middleeasteye.net/opinion/what-turkeys-endgame-libya

 
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Posted by on January 11, 2020 in Africa, Middle East, Uncategorized

 

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La vera posta in gioco nell’intervento turco in Libia

Come previsto, il 2 gennaio il parlamento turco ha autorizzato l’invio di soldati in Libia, approvando una risoluzione con 325 voti favorevoli e 184 contrari. Il 10 dicembre il presidente turco Recep Tayyip Erdoğan aveva annunciato l’intenzione di sostenere militarmente il governo di accordo nazionale (Gna) libico guidato da Fayez al Sarraj contro l’offensiva militare del generale Khalifa Haftar. E a meno di un mese dal suo annuncio, ha ottenuto il via libera dal parlamento.

Ora starà al presidente stabilire quanti soldati mandare nel paese nordafricano, in cui in teoria vige l’embargo sulle armi imposto dalle Nazioni Unite. Ma molti analisti sostengono che quella turca sia stata una mossa di deterrenza, che non implicherà necessariamente l’invio di truppe sul campo. Si tratta piuttosto di un annuncio per spingere Haftar alla ritirata e per sollecitare l’apertura di un negoziato con la Russia, ma è anche un modo per Ankara di sottolineare il suo ruolo di potenza regionale.

Il testo della risoluzione approvata dal parlamento di Ankara è ambizioso e parla della necessità di “proteggere gli interessi della Turchia nel Mediterraneo, di prevenire il transito dei migranti irregolari, d’impedire alle organizzazioni terroristiche e ai gruppi armati di proliferare, di apportare un aiuto umanitario al popolo libico”. La Turchia ha firmato con il governo di Tripoli un accordo di collaborazione militare e marittima il 27 novembre 2019, che prevede l’intervento militare “via terra, via mare e via aerea, se necessario”, scatenando reazioni allarmate in tutta la regione.

https://www.internazionale.it/bloc-notes/annalisa-camilli/2020/01/04/libia-turchia-russia-guerra

 
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Posted by on January 8, 2020 in Africa, Middle East

 

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Libye : des jeunes combattants envoyés au front face à Haftar dans la bataille de Tripoli

https://www.jeuneafrique.com/mag/799310/politique/libye-des-jeunes-combattants-envoyes-au-front-face-a-haftar-dans-la-bataille-de-tripoli/

 
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Posted by on August 4, 2019 in Africa

 

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Reportaje: Libia: fragmentos de un Estado fallido

El puño dorado aprieta un avión F-111 estadounidense hasta partirlo. Muamar el Gadafi mandó construir esta escultura tras sobrevivir en 1986 a un bombardeo americano
y la plantó a la puerta de su residencia y fortín militar en Trípoli,
la capital libia. Este complejo fue uno de los últimos reductos del
autócrata. Fue bombardeado de nuevo por la OTAN y los rebeldes lo
tomaron en agosto de 2011, cuando ya se habían desatado los demonios de
las primaveras árabes
y el país se había transformado en un campo de batalla internacional.
Dos meses después, el sátrapa fue hallado en Sirte escondido en una
tubería. Fue ejecutado por una turba.
Y la escultura viajó como un trofeo a Misrata, una ciudad costera al
este de Trípoli cuyas milicias fueron clave en el derrocamiento del
dictador. Es uno de los atractivos del Museo de la Guerra, un despliegue
de parafernalia bélica abandonada sobre la acera de una avenida
grisácea. También hay tanques, tanquetas, misiles, municiones, cascos,
cientos de casquillos desperdigados por el suelo; hasta un escenario que
el Estado Islámico usó para sus ejecuciones.

https://elpais.com/elpais/2019/05/14/eps/1557832666_039047.html

 
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Posted by on August 2, 2019 in Africa

 

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Libya: Detained refugees ‘terrified’ as clashes near Tripoli rage

As fighting between rival forces rages on the outskirts of the Libyan capital, thousands of refugees and migrants locked up in detention centres inside Tripoli say they are terrified of what might happen to them.

Renegade General Khalifa Haftar on Thursday ordered his self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), which is allied to a parallel administration in the east, to march on Tripoli, the seat of the country’s internationally recognised government which is protected by an array of militias.

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/04/libya-detained-refugees-terrified-clashes-tripoli-rage-190407172920412.html

 
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Posted by on April 15, 2019 in Africa

 

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The backstory to Hifter’s march on Tripoli

All Arab civil wars are not created equal. Libya has been in a state of civil war for five years now, yet it hasn’t been a civil war full of massacres or famines like the sectarian wars in Yemen and Syria. Libya’s war has certain highly unusual characteristics: low death tolls, high diffusion of arms, two governments (both of whom claim sovereignty but do not actually exercise it), extreme fragmentation of fighting forces, and the same central bank paying the fighters on all sides.

From a military perspective, the defining characteristic of Libya’s war relates to how territory is captured. Where there have been protracted pitched battles, usually against jihadists, exchange of territory happens slowly and destructively. Conversely, where there have been huge gains and losses of territory, it usually transpires with groups being bought off to switch their allegiances, or with one force marching its column of technicals across a highway and the other side running away with nary a shot being fired. What does this say for the prospects to resolve Libya’s civil war militarily, as one actor is now trying to do?

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/04/libya-khalifa-hifter-offensive-tripoli.html

 
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Posted by on April 15, 2019 in Africa

 

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