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Libya: Detained refugees ‘terrified’ as clashes near Tripoli rage

As fighting between rival forces rages on the outskirts of the Libyan capital, thousands of refugees and migrants locked up in detention centres inside Tripoli say they are terrified of what might happen to them.

Renegade General Khalifa Haftar on Thursday ordered his self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), which is allied to a parallel administration in the east, to march on Tripoli, the seat of the country’s internationally recognised government which is protected by an array of militias.

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/04/libya-detained-refugees-terrified-clashes-tripoli-rage-190407172920412.html

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Posted by on April 15, 2019 in Africa

 

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The backstory to Hifter’s march on Tripoli

All Arab civil wars are not created equal. Libya has been in a state of civil war for five years now, yet it hasn’t been a civil war full of massacres or famines like the sectarian wars in Yemen and Syria. Libya’s war has certain highly unusual characteristics: low death tolls, high diffusion of arms, two governments (both of whom claim sovereignty but do not actually exercise it), extreme fragmentation of fighting forces, and the same central bank paying the fighters on all sides.

From a military perspective, the defining characteristic of Libya’s war relates to how territory is captured. Where there have been protracted pitched battles, usually against jihadists, exchange of territory happens slowly and destructively. Conversely, where there have been huge gains and losses of territory, it usually transpires with groups being bought off to switch their allegiances, or with one force marching its column of technicals across a highway and the other side running away with nary a shot being fired. What does this say for the prospects to resolve Libya’s civil war militarily, as one actor is now trying to do?

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/04/libya-khalifa-hifter-offensive-tripoli.html

 
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Posted by on April 15, 2019 in Africa

 

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Sarraj throws a wrench in Haftar’s southern plans

For more than a year, Libyan Field-Marshal Khalifa Haftar has said that he would take Tripoli and unite the country under a single leadership but not by force. He would do so, he said, only when he was welcomed by the various forces controlling the city.

That seems a long way off. Haftar has been banking on law and order in Tripoli totally breaking down and the capital’s people turning to his Libyan National Army (LNA) as the only force capable of restoring stability and security.

That is the strategy that has been put into operation in recent weeks in southern Libya.

https://thearabweekly.com/sarraj-throws-wrench-haftars-southern-plans

 
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Posted by on February 19, 2019 in Africa

 

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Hoe het machtsvacuüm in Libië de stabiliteit van de zuidelijke buurlanden bedreigt

Terwijl rivaliserende milities meer dan een maand lang de hoofdstad Tripoli in de greep van hun gevechten houden en alle aandacht, nationaal en internationaal, naar de twee machtsblokken in het land gaat, heeft Fezzan, de regio van het zuiden, met buitenlandse milities te maken die niet alleen Libië verder destabiliseren maar voor de hele regio een gevaar vormen.

Jihadistische organisaties zoals Boko Haram, Al-Qaida of IS, zijn niet de enige groepen die landen als Tsjaad, Soedan en Niger teisteren. Nu is er ook het gevaar van rebellengroepen uit die landen die vanuit Libië hun aanvallen organiseren.

https://www.mo.be/analyse/libi%C3%AB-buitenlandse-milities-huurlingen-smokkel

 
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Posted by on October 26, 2018 in Africa

 

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En Libye, Tripoli bascule à nouveau dans les combats de milices

Après dix-huit mois d’un calme relatif, Tripoli est à nouveau le théâtre de combats meurtriers entre milices, qui hypothèquent le scénario de sortie de crise en Libye sur lequel planche la communauté internationale. Le conseil présidentiel, instance exécutive du gouvernement d’« accord national » établi à Tripoli, a décrété, dimanche 2 septembre, l’état d’urgence dans la capitale et sa périphérie, six jours après le début des affrontements qui ont fait au moins une quarantaine de morts. Quatre cent détenus de la prison d’Ain Zara, un quartier de la capitale, se sont évadés dimanche en profitant du chaos ambiant.

https://www.lemonde.fr/afrique/article/2018/09/02/en-libye-tripoli-bascule-a-nouveau-dans-les-combats-de-milices_5349268_3212.html

 

 
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Posted by on September 13, 2018 in Africa

 

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Revealed: male rape used systematically in Libya as instrument of war

Male rape is being used systematically in Libya as an instrument of war and political domination by rival factions, according to multiple testimonies gathered by investigators.

Years of work by a Tunis-based group and witnessed by a journalist from Le Monde have produced harrowing reports from victims, and video footage showing men being sodomised by various objects, including rockets and broom handles.

In several instances, witnesses say a victim was thrown into a room with other prisoners, who were ordered to rape him or be killed.

The atrocity is being perpetrated to humiliate and neutralise opponents in the lawless, militia-dominated country. Male rape is such a taboo in Arab societies that the abused generally feel too damaged to rejoin political, military or civic life.

One man, Ahmed, told investigators he was detained for four years in a prison in Tomina, on the outskirts of Misrata.

“They separate you to subjugate you,” he said. “‘Subjugate the men’, that’s the expression that they use. So that you never hold your head up again. And they were filming everything with their phones.

“They take a broom and fix it on the wall. If you want to eat, you have to take off your pants, back on to the broom and not move off until the jailer sees blood flowing. Nobody can escape it.”

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/nov/03/revealed-male-used-systematically-in-libya-as-instrument-of-war

 
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Posted by on February 16, 2018 in Africa

 

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How Britain did Gaddafi’s dirty work

Five days after 9/11, early on a Sunday evening, a small group of senior CIA officers drove from their headquarters in Langley, Virginia, to the British embassy at 3100 Massachusetts Avenue NW in Washington DC, in order to brief MI6 on the agency’s planned response to the attacks.

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2017/nov/09/how-britain-did-gaddafis-dirty-work-libya

 
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Posted by on December 2, 2017 in Africa, Europe

 

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La strategia italiana per fermare i migranti in Libia è in crisi?

“Ci sono rifugiati eritrei imprigionati nei centri di detenzione di Sabrata, senza accesso ad acqua, cibo e cure mediche da almeno cinque giorni”, denuncia l’attivista eritrea Meron Estefanos, che è in contatto telefonico con un’ottantina di persone, rimaste bloccate per settimane nei combattimenti tra gruppi armati rivali a Sabrata, nel nordovest della Libia. “Ci sono sei donne che hanno partorito senza assistenza medica e almeno cinquanta bambini rinchiusi in questi centri di raccolta. Non c’è niente da mangiare”, racconta a Internazionale. Estefanos vive da anni in Svezia, ma è un punto di riferimento per gli eritrei che fuggono da Asmara, attraverso il Sudan e la Libia.“La situazione è drammatica perché una settimana fa i carcerieri hanno abbandonato i centri a causa dei combattimenti e sono scappati, così i migranti sono fuggiti, ma sono stati arrestati da altri gruppi armati e dalle forze di sicurezza, che li hanno portati in altri centri dove si trovano da cinque giorni”, afferma Estefanos, che sta cercando di mettersi in contatto con l’Alto commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i rifugiati (Unhcr) e con l’Organizzazione internazionale delle migrazioni (Oim) per segnalare la situazione. “Ci sono persone morte a causa di ferite da arma da fuoco e che non sono state seppellite”.

Source: La strategia italiana per fermare i migranti in Libia è in crisi? – Annalisa Camilli – Internazionale

 
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Posted by on October 18, 2017 in Africa, European Union

 

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La fragile speranza di un nuovo processo di pace in Libia

Milizie libiche fanno brillare alcune bombe abbandonate dal gruppo Stato islamico, a Misurata, in Libia, il 9 settembre del 2016. (Reuters/Contrasto)LibiaLa fragile speranza di un nuovo processo di pace in LibiaAnnalisa Camilli, giornalista di Internazionale6 ottobre 2017 13.10FacebookTwitterEmailPrintIl 4 ottobre c’è stato un attacco terroristico rivendicato dal gruppo Stato islamico a Misurata, in Libia. Almeno quattro persone sono state uccise nel tribunale della città, mentre era in corso un processo. In un comunicato ripreso dall’agenzia di propaganda jihadista Amaq il gruppo terroristico ha dichiarato di aver voluto colpire “una delle roccaforti” del governo di unità nazionale libico riconosciuto dalla comunità internazionale, quello guidato da Fayez al Serraj.Era da tempo che il gruppo terroristico non metteva a segno attacchi in una città libica. Misurata è stata bersaglio di una serie di attentati nel 2015, e nel 2016 si temeva che potesse essere di nuovo sotto attacco dopo che una coalizione di milizie originarie della città (sotto la protezione del governo di Tripoli) ha combattuto per sei mesi contro l’Is per riprendere il controllo di Sirte.Secondo fonti militari, il gruppo terroristico si sta riorganizzando in Libia in tre aree: a sud di Sirte, in Cirenaica intorno all’oasi di Cufra, vicino al confine egiziano e nel Fezzan. “Il gruppo Stato islamico non riesce a controllare il territorio, ma ci sono cellule dormienti nelle principali città libiche”, spiega Mattia Toaldo dell’European council on foreign relations.

Source: La fragile speranza di un nuovo processo di pace in Libia – Annalisa Camilli – Internazionale

 
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Posted by on October 6, 2017 in Africa

 

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Weg mit den Rettern

Der Anfang scheint gemacht. Am Wochenende stellten die Organisationen Ärzte ohne Grenzen und Sea-Eye ihre Rettungsaktionen für schiffbrüchige Flüchtlinge im Mittelmeer bis auf Weiteres ein. Andere werden wohl folgen. Denn Libyen hat eine nationale SAR-Zone (abgeleitet von “Search and Rescue”, deutsch: “Suchen und Retten”) ausgerufen, die weit über die libyschen Hoheitsgewässer hinausreicht. Und die Regierung in Tripolis, die im Land selbst kaum etwas regiert, hat die privaten Helfer ausdrücklich gewarnt, diese Zone zu befahren.

Die Drohung ist ernst zu nehmen, denn zu Wasser ist Libyen gut bestückt. Man hat aus Europa moderne Schiffe für die Küsten- und Seekontrolle bekommen, dazu viel Geld und Ausbildungskurse und was man sonst noch so braucht für den kleinen Seekrieg vor der Haustür.

http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/italien-weg-mit-den-rettern-a-1162725.html

 
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Posted by on August 21, 2017 in Africa, European Union

 

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