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Turkey looks to Libya to break its growing isolation in the region

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has framed his country’s military deployment to Libya as a matter of survival, not only for Turkey’s strategic interests across the region but also for Libya’s Government of National Accord (GNA).

The head of Libya’s High Council of State, Khalid al-Mishri, told MEE that Turkey’s upcoming military support to the GNA would prevent General Khalifa Haftar’s forces from taking control of Tripoli. From high-level political figures to military commanders on the frontline, I found consensus during a recent visit to Tripoli that Turkey is the only country able to push back Haftar and contribute to rebuilding the Libyan state.

Turkey’s new military step in the context of the Libyan conflict provides strategic leverage for both sides and will ultimately bring new dimensions – as well as challenges – to Ankara’s regional strategy.

Strategic objectives
On 27 November, Turkey and Libya signed two separate memorandums of understanding on military cooperation and the maritime boundaries of countries in the eastern Mediterranean region, aiming to achieve their mutual strategic objectives.

In the short term, the GNA aims to push back Haftar’s forces in Tripoli; in the medium term, the Libyans seek to consolidate their partnership with Turkey to find a real solution to contain Haftar and bring Ankara into the Libyan picture as an external balance.

https://www.middleeasteye.net/opinion/what-turkeys-endgame-libya

 
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Posted by on January 11, 2020 in Africa, Middle East, Uncategorized

 

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La vera posta in gioco nell’intervento turco in Libia

Come previsto, il 2 gennaio il parlamento turco ha autorizzato l’invio di soldati in Libia, approvando una risoluzione con 325 voti favorevoli e 184 contrari. Il 10 dicembre il presidente turco Recep Tayyip Erdoğan aveva annunciato l’intenzione di sostenere militarmente il governo di accordo nazionale (Gna) libico guidato da Fayez al Sarraj contro l’offensiva militare del generale Khalifa Haftar. E a meno di un mese dal suo annuncio, ha ottenuto il via libera dal parlamento.

Ora starà al presidente stabilire quanti soldati mandare nel paese nordafricano, in cui in teoria vige l’embargo sulle armi imposto dalle Nazioni Unite. Ma molti analisti sostengono che quella turca sia stata una mossa di deterrenza, che non implicherà necessariamente l’invio di truppe sul campo. Si tratta piuttosto di un annuncio per spingere Haftar alla ritirata e per sollecitare l’apertura di un negoziato con la Russia, ma è anche un modo per Ankara di sottolineare il suo ruolo di potenza regionale.

Il testo della risoluzione approvata dal parlamento di Ankara è ambizioso e parla della necessità di “proteggere gli interessi della Turchia nel Mediterraneo, di prevenire il transito dei migranti irregolari, d’impedire alle organizzazioni terroristiche e ai gruppi armati di proliferare, di apportare un aiuto umanitario al popolo libico”. La Turchia ha firmato con il governo di Tripoli un accordo di collaborazione militare e marittima il 27 novembre 2019, che prevede l’intervento militare “via terra, via mare e via aerea, se necessario”, scatenando reazioni allarmate in tutta la regione.

https://www.internazionale.it/bloc-notes/annalisa-camilli/2020/01/04/libia-turchia-russia-guerra

 
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Posted by on January 8, 2020 in Africa, Middle East

 

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Libye : des jeunes combattants envoyés au front face à Haftar dans la bataille de Tripoli

https://www.jeuneafrique.com/mag/799310/politique/libye-des-jeunes-combattants-envoyes-au-front-face-a-haftar-dans-la-bataille-de-tripoli/

 
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Posted by on August 4, 2019 in Africa

 

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Reportaje: Libia: fragmentos de un Estado fallido

El puño dorado aprieta un avión F-111 estadounidense hasta partirlo. Muamar el Gadafi mandó construir esta escultura tras sobrevivir en 1986 a un bombardeo americano
y la plantó a la puerta de su residencia y fortín militar en Trípoli,
la capital libia. Este complejo fue uno de los últimos reductos del
autócrata. Fue bombardeado de nuevo por la OTAN y los rebeldes lo
tomaron en agosto de 2011, cuando ya se habían desatado los demonios de
las primaveras árabes
y el país se había transformado en un campo de batalla internacional.
Dos meses después, el sátrapa fue hallado en Sirte escondido en una
tubería. Fue ejecutado por una turba.
Y la escultura viajó como un trofeo a Misrata, una ciudad costera al
este de Trípoli cuyas milicias fueron clave en el derrocamiento del
dictador. Es uno de los atractivos del Museo de la Guerra, un despliegue
de parafernalia bélica abandonada sobre la acera de una avenida
grisácea. También hay tanques, tanquetas, misiles, municiones, cascos,
cientos de casquillos desperdigados por el suelo; hasta un escenario que
el Estado Islámico usó para sus ejecuciones.

https://elpais.com/elpais/2019/05/14/eps/1557832666_039047.html

 
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Posted by on August 2, 2019 in Africa

 

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Libya: Detained refugees ‘terrified’ as clashes near Tripoli rage

As fighting between rival forces rages on the outskirts of the Libyan capital, thousands of refugees and migrants locked up in detention centres inside Tripoli say they are terrified of what might happen to them.

Renegade General Khalifa Haftar on Thursday ordered his self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), which is allied to a parallel administration in the east, to march on Tripoli, the seat of the country’s internationally recognised government which is protected by an array of militias.

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/04/libya-detained-refugees-terrified-clashes-tripoli-rage-190407172920412.html

 
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Posted by on April 15, 2019 in Africa

 

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The backstory to Hifter’s march on Tripoli

All Arab civil wars are not created equal. Libya has been in a state of civil war for five years now, yet it hasn’t been a civil war full of massacres or famines like the sectarian wars in Yemen and Syria. Libya’s war has certain highly unusual characteristics: low death tolls, high diffusion of arms, two governments (both of whom claim sovereignty but do not actually exercise it), extreme fragmentation of fighting forces, and the same central bank paying the fighters on all sides.

From a military perspective, the defining characteristic of Libya’s war relates to how territory is captured. Where there have been protracted pitched battles, usually against jihadists, exchange of territory happens slowly and destructively. Conversely, where there have been huge gains and losses of territory, it usually transpires with groups being bought off to switch their allegiances, or with one force marching its column of technicals across a highway and the other side running away with nary a shot being fired. What does this say for the prospects to resolve Libya’s civil war militarily, as one actor is now trying to do?

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/04/libya-khalifa-hifter-offensive-tripoli.html

 
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Posted by on April 15, 2019 in Africa

 

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Sarraj throws a wrench in Haftar’s southern plans

For more than a year, Libyan Field-Marshal Khalifa Haftar has said that he would take Tripoli and unite the country under a single leadership but not by force. He would do so, he said, only when he was welcomed by the various forces controlling the city.

That seems a long way off. Haftar has been banking on law and order in Tripoli totally breaking down and the capital’s people turning to his Libyan National Army (LNA) as the only force capable of restoring stability and security.

That is the strategy that has been put into operation in recent weeks in southern Libya.

https://thearabweekly.com/sarraj-throws-wrench-haftars-southern-plans

 
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Posted by on February 19, 2019 in Africa

 

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Hoe het machtsvacuüm in Libië de stabiliteit van de zuidelijke buurlanden bedreigt

Terwijl rivaliserende milities meer dan een maand lang de hoofdstad Tripoli in de greep van hun gevechten houden en alle aandacht, nationaal en internationaal, naar de twee machtsblokken in het land gaat, heeft Fezzan, de regio van het zuiden, met buitenlandse milities te maken die niet alleen Libië verder destabiliseren maar voor de hele regio een gevaar vormen.

Jihadistische organisaties zoals Boko Haram, Al-Qaida of IS, zijn niet de enige groepen die landen als Tsjaad, Soedan en Niger teisteren. Nu is er ook het gevaar van rebellengroepen uit die landen die vanuit Libië hun aanvallen organiseren.

https://www.mo.be/analyse/libi%C3%AB-buitenlandse-milities-huurlingen-smokkel

 
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Posted by on October 26, 2018 in Africa

 

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En Libye, Tripoli bascule à nouveau dans les combats de milices

Après dix-huit mois d’un calme relatif, Tripoli est à nouveau le théâtre de combats meurtriers entre milices, qui hypothèquent le scénario de sortie de crise en Libye sur lequel planche la communauté internationale. Le conseil présidentiel, instance exécutive du gouvernement d’« accord national » établi à Tripoli, a décrété, dimanche 2 septembre, l’état d’urgence dans la capitale et sa périphérie, six jours après le début des affrontements qui ont fait au moins une quarantaine de morts. Quatre cent détenus de la prison d’Ain Zara, un quartier de la capitale, se sont évadés dimanche en profitant du chaos ambiant.

https://www.lemonde.fr/afrique/article/2018/09/02/en-libye-tripoli-bascule-a-nouveau-dans-les-combats-de-milices_5349268_3212.html

 

 
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Posted by on September 13, 2018 in Africa

 

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Revealed: male rape used systematically in Libya as instrument of war

Male rape is being used systematically in Libya as an instrument of war and political domination by rival factions, according to multiple testimonies gathered by investigators.

Years of work by a Tunis-based group and witnessed by a journalist from Le Monde have produced harrowing reports from victims, and video footage showing men being sodomised by various objects, including rockets and broom handles.

In several instances, witnesses say a victim was thrown into a room with other prisoners, who were ordered to rape him or be killed.

The atrocity is being perpetrated to humiliate and neutralise opponents in the lawless, militia-dominated country. Male rape is such a taboo in Arab societies that the abused generally feel too damaged to rejoin political, military or civic life.

One man, Ahmed, told investigators he was detained for four years in a prison in Tomina, on the outskirts of Misrata.

“They separate you to subjugate you,” he said. “‘Subjugate the men’, that’s the expression that they use. So that you never hold your head up again. And they were filming everything with their phones.

“They take a broom and fix it on the wall. If you want to eat, you have to take off your pants, back on to the broom and not move off until the jailer sees blood flowing. Nobody can escape it.”

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/nov/03/revealed-male-used-systematically-in-libya-as-instrument-of-war

 
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Posted by on February 16, 2018 in Africa

 

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