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Category Archives: South America

Venezuela : une opposition écrasée et divisée

Dans la cascade de rebondissements qui accompagnent la crise au Venezuela, certains faits majeurs passent quasiment inaperçus. Ce fut le cas le 31 juillet, quand l’un des ténors de l’opposition, Antonio Ledezma, se livrait à une critique publique de son propre camp, la MUD (Table de l’Unité démocratique), coalition de 28 partis opposés au gouvernement socialiste. Une première depuis 2012, quand les adversaires du chavisme avaient désigné un candidat unique à l’élection présidentielle face à Hugo Chávez.Maire du Grand Caracas et fondateur d’Alianza Bravo Pueblo, une formation sociale-démocrate, Ledezma reprochait à ses alliés un manque de sincérité et de dialogue, et une absence de stratégie après les élections législatives de décembre 2015, où la MUD est devenue majoritaire à l’Assemblée nationale.

Source: Venezuela : une opposition écrasée et divisée – Libération

 
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Posted by on August 21, 2017 in South America

 

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The problem with Venezuela’s revolution is that it didn’t go far enough

Back in the early 1970s, in a note to the CIA advising them how to undermine the democratically elected Chilean government of Salvador Allende, Henry Kissinger wrote succinctly: “Make the economy scream.”

High US representatives are openly admitting that today the same strategy is applied in Venezuela: former US Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger said on Fox News that Chavez’s appeal to the Venezuelan people “only works so long as the population of Venezuela sees some ability for a better standard of living. If at some point the economy really gets bad, Chavez’s popularity within the country will certainly decrease and it’s the one weapon we have against him to begin with and which we should be using, namely the economic tools of trying to make the economy even worse so that his appeal in the country and the region goes down … Anything we can do to make their economy more difficult for them at this moment is a good thing, but let’s do it in ways that do not get us into direct conflict with Venezuela if we can get away with it.”

 
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Posted by on August 10, 2017 in South America

 

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Canudos, la ciudad del fin del mundo 

EL TRUENO resuena en la colina no muy lejos del ranchito y Julius Redondo (camisa sucia de tierra, machete colgando del cinturón) levanta la cabeza con asombro dentro de la casa. Dice solo una palabra:

–Chuva [lluvia].

La pronuncia con emoción y alivio. Con la entonación feliz del que espera hace mucho a alguien que aparece por fin.

Yamilson Mendes, un guía turístico de 35 años (gorra de ciclista, gafas de sol, pantalón corto), mira al viejo pastor de 85, se contagia de su optimismo y añade dos palabras más para confirmar la buena noticia:

http://elpaissemanal.elpais.com/documentos/canudos-ciudad-fin-mundo/#!/foto/1

 
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Posted by on July 28, 2017 in Reportages, South America

 

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Operation Car Wash: The biggest corruption scandal ever? 

On 14 January 2015, police agent Newton Ishii was waiting in Rio de Janeiro’s Galeão airport to meet the midnight flight from London. His mission was simple. A former executive of Brazil’s national oil company, Petrobras, was on the plane. Ishii was to arrest him as soon as he set foot in Brazil and take him for questioning by detectives.

No big deal, the veteran cop thought as he ticked off the hours in the shabby Terminal One lounge. This was just one of many anti-bribery operations he had worked on. Usually they made a few headlines, then faded away, leaving the perpetrators to carry on as if nothing had happened. There was a popular expression for this: acabou em pizza (to end up with pizza), which suggested that there was no political row that could not be settled over a meal and a few beers.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jun/01/brazil-operation-car-wash-is-this-the-biggest-corruption-scandal-in-history

 
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Posted by on June 19, 2017 in South America

 

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Manuel Noriega, a thug of a different era

In an era that surges with new monsters and tyrants, the former Panamanian strongman Manuel Antonio Noriega, who died in a hospital on Monday, at the age of eighty-three, seemed an almost quaint throwback to another time. Noriega had been all but forgotten by the world since his precipitous fall from grace, in 1989, when U.S. military forces invaded Panama to remove him from power. While the world moved on and changed, Noriega spent the past twenty-seven years in prison, most of it in a U.S. federal penitentiary, after being convicted on drug-trafficking and money-laundering charges, then briefly in France, for money laundering, and finally, since 2011, back home in Panama, for murder.
http://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/manuel-noriega-a-thug-of-a-different-era/amp

 
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Posted by on June 11, 2017 in South America

 

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The Genocide of Brazil’s Indians 

On April 30, a group of ranchers armed with rifles and machetes attacked a settlement of about 400 families from the Gamela tribe, in the state of Maranhão, in northeastern Brazil. According to the Indigenous Missionary Council, an advocacy group, 22 Indians were wounded, including three children. Many were shot in the back or had their wrists chopped.Soon after the attack, the Ministry of Justice announced on its website that it would investigate “the incident between small farmers and alleged indigenous people.” (Minutes later, the word “alleged” was removed.)

 
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Posted by on June 10, 2017 in South America

 

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Editorial: El terrorismo mapuche 

La discusión sobre si se debe aplicar o no la ley antiterrorista en ciertos casos de violencia acontecidos en La Araucanía es más lo que oculta que lo que esclarece. ¿Es un acto terrorista la quema de camiones madereros? Depende: si se descubre que el móvil es cobrar seguros comprometidos o generar algún tipo de privilegio o ganancia económica, es obvio que no sería un acto terrorista, sino una infracción común con rasgos de estafa. Y para ese tipo de delitos existen las leyes comunes. Si el objetivo, en cambio, es causar terror y alarma pública en la zona para llamar la atención respecto de la causa de un grupo cualquiera, es evidente que estaríamos ante un delito de tipo terrorista, y es de suponer que si el delito es ése, la ley que corresponde aplicar es aquella confeccionada especialmente para tales circunstancias.

Source: Editorial: El terrorismo mapuche – The Clinic Online

 
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Posted by on June 10, 2017 in South America

 

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El zapatismo impulsa a los indígenas a las elecciones 

Magdalena García se veía y decía ya grande, cansada. Se apena porque dice que su mensaje no es claro cuando de sus palabras salen dardos cargados de realidad apabullante. “Nadie nos quiere ver, nadie quiere escuchar de nosotros”, lanza esta indígena mazahua de 59 años, seis hijos, año y medio encarcelada. “Ni modo”, se repetía, pues si en México ya de por sí es complicado imaginarse una mujer presidenta, qué va a poder hacer en unas elecciones si encima es indígena: “Nunca pensé que íbamos a ver esta semilla”.

Source: El zapatismo impulsa a los indígenas a las elecciones | Internacional | EL PAÍS

 
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Posted by on June 10, 2017 in South America

 

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Uruguayan pharmacies will start selling cannabis

ON THE outskirts of Libertad, a small town an hour’s drive from Montevideo, barbed wire and guard towers surround a ten-hectare plot of state-owned land. Inside, greenhouses shelter thousands of marijuana plants. These belong to ICC and Simbiosys, the two firms licensed by Uruguay’s government to grow cannabis for recreational use. Uruguayans will soon be able to sample their product. Since May 2nd they have been able to register at the post office as prospective customers for the corporate weed, which will be sold through pharmacies from July.
http://www.economist.com/news/americas/21721662-will-they-drive-street-dealers-out-business-uruguayan-pharmacies-will-start-selling-cannabis

 
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Posted by on May 25, 2017 in South America

 

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Chi paga il conto per le banane equosolidali

Il terreno è piccolo, non supera l’ettaro e mezzo. Gli alti fusti, ognuno con il suo casco di frutti avvolto in una sacca di plastica, proteggono dal sole battente. Gustavo Gandini affonda le mani nel terreno e mostra il brulicare della vita nei suoi dettagli più piccoli e meno attraenti: “Guardate questo lombrico, questo lungo verme peloso!”.Una gallina razzola a poca distanza, colibrì becchettano tra le foglie. “In un campo coltivato convenzionalmente, vedreste solo morte e desolazione. Con il biologico, invece, la natura vive e si riproduce in un ciclo integrato”. Siamo in una piantagione di banani vicino a Mao, nel nord della Repubblica Dominicana. Sono venuto qui insieme a una piccola delegazione di giornalisti europei per vedere l’origine della filiera della banana. Gandini, agronomo colombiano di remote origini italiane, è il direttore tecnico di Banelino, un consorzio di 140 piccoli produttori che in quest’area controllano 1.500 ettari. Tutti rigorosamente biologici e parte del commercio equo e solidale.La Repubblica Dominicana si è specializzata negli ultimi anni in questo settore: il 70 per cento delle banane prodotte qui è biologico, circa il 40 per cento è inserito nei circuiti del fair trade. Un terzo delle banane del circuito fair trade consumate in Italia arriva da qui. Una nicchia di mercato che ha permesso al piccolo stato caraibico di ritagliarsi un ruolo accanto ai grandi esportatori mondiali: l’Ecuador, la Colombia, la Costa Rica e le varie altre “repubbliche delle banane” dell’America Centrale.

Source: Chi paga il conto per le banane equosolidali – Stefano Liberti – Internazionale

 
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Posted by on May 25, 2017 in South America

 

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