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Category Archives: European Union

Gli italiani senza cittadinanza danno una lezione ai politici

A due anni esatti dall’approvazione della riforma della cittadinanza da parte della camera, il 13 ottobre studenti, insegnanti e associazioni sono tornati in piazza a Roma e in altre tre città per il Cittadinanza day: chiedono al senato di approvare prima della fine della legislatura la legge che potrebbe regolarizzare 800mila ragazzi nati o cresciuti in Italia.“Sono stata anche io un’alunna della scuola italiana, sono arrivata in Italia a sette anni dal Cile e non parlavo una parola di italiano”, dice Paula Baudet Vivanco, che si definisce una “veterana” del movimento l’Italia sono anche io e Italiani senza cittadinanza. Vivanco ha ottenuto la cittadinanza solo qualche anno fa, dopo aver sposato il suo compagno italiano.Nel 2005 la cittadinanza le era stata negata perché non aveva un reddito sufficiente e allora Vivanco ha fondato la rete G2 per promuovere la riforma della norma che ogni anno costringe migliaia di persone a vivere in un limbo burocratico, considerate straniere nel paese in cui vivono. “Molti anni fa la spinta al cambiamento è venuta dal basso con la raccolta firme per una legge d’iniziativa popolare. Era la richiesta di riconoscere una realtà che già esiste: quella di migliaia di bambine e bambini che frequentano le scuole italiane e che però non hanno gli stessi diritti dei bambini italiani”, spiega Vivanco.

Source: Gli italiani senza cittadinanza danno una lezione ai politici – Annalisa Camilli – Internazionale

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Posted by on October 18, 2017 in European Union

 

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L’ultima occasione per approvare lo ius soli

Negli ultimi giorni si è aperto uno spiraglio che potrebbe portare all’approvazione della legge di riforma della cittadinanza impropriamente chiamata ius soli (in realtà si tratta di uno ius soli temperato). Sembrava che il governo ci avesse definitivamente rinunciato, ma tutto è stato rimesso in gioco dall’adesione del ministro delle infrastrutture Graziano Delrio a uno sciopero della fame per chiedere di approvare la riforma al più presto. L’iniziativa è stata promossa da un gruppo di insegnanti e studenti e rilanciata dal senatore Luigi Manconi e dai Radicali italiani.Delrio propone di portare il disegno di legge 2092 in aula e di votarlo, ma nel governo ci sono posizioni diverse. Il ministro degli esteri Angelino Alfano (Alternativa popolare), in un dibattito con l’ex sindaca di Lampedusa Giusi Nicolini alla fine di settembre, aveva spiegato l’impossibilità di votare la riforma a ridosso delle elezioni politiche di primavera e della scadenza del mandato di governo. “Una cosa giusta fatta al momento sbagliato può diventare una cosa sbagliata”, aveva detto Alfano.

Source: L’ultima occasione per approvare lo ius soli – Annalisa Camilli – Internazionale

 
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Posted by on October 18, 2017 in European Union

 

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La strategia italiana per fermare i migranti in Libia è in crisi?

“Ci sono rifugiati eritrei imprigionati nei centri di detenzione di Sabrata, senza accesso ad acqua, cibo e cure mediche da almeno cinque giorni”, denuncia l’attivista eritrea Meron Estefanos, che è in contatto telefonico con un’ottantina di persone, rimaste bloccate per settimane nei combattimenti tra gruppi armati rivali a Sabrata, nel nordovest della Libia. “Ci sono sei donne che hanno partorito senza assistenza medica e almeno cinquanta bambini rinchiusi in questi centri di raccolta. Non c’è niente da mangiare”, racconta a Internazionale. Estefanos vive da anni in Svezia, ma è un punto di riferimento per gli eritrei che fuggono da Asmara, attraverso il Sudan e la Libia.“La situazione è drammatica perché una settimana fa i carcerieri hanno abbandonato i centri a causa dei combattimenti e sono scappati, così i migranti sono fuggiti, ma sono stati arrestati da altri gruppi armati e dalle forze di sicurezza, che li hanno portati in altri centri dove si trovano da cinque giorni”, afferma Estefanos, che sta cercando di mettersi in contatto con l’Alto commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i rifugiati (Unhcr) e con l’Organizzazione internazionale delle migrazioni (Oim) per segnalare la situazione. “Ci sono persone morte a causa di ferite da arma da fuoco e che non sono state seppellite”.

Source: La strategia italiana per fermare i migranti in Libia è in crisi? – Annalisa Camilli – Internazionale

 
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Posted by on October 18, 2017 in Africa, European Union

 

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Once upon a time in 1989

I imagine a cosy dining room somewhere in eastern Europe, in Bucharest or perhaps Zagreb. But it could be Timișoara or Bratislava as well. It is Sunday, and a family has gathered for lunch around a big table, as they often do in my part of the world. Usually, first comes a beef or chicken soup with home-made dumplings, then a hearty meat dish and potatoes from the oven, garnished with vegetables, followed by cake and coffee. There are three generations around the table. Mother and father are about my age, born some time in the early 1950s. Their children were born in the 1980s – just in time to remember a little bit of life under communism, that is. And their grandchildren are too young to care.

Source: Once upon a time in 1989 – Eurozine

 
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Posted by on October 16, 2017 in Europe, European Union

 

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Que se ha proclamado ¿qué?

La cúpula del independentismo lo ha vuelto a hacer. Cada vez que se encuentra en un atolladero, recurre a la “astucia”. Esta vez en forma de enunciado alambicado y retorcido, un redactado pergeñado para contentar a muchos y que no va a gustar a casi nadie.La esperada frase de Carles Puigdemont no fue el “proclamo la independencia” solemne que esperaban los miles de seguidores que aguardaban frente al Parlament ni las decenas de periodistas de medio mundo. El president anunció que asumía el resultado del 1-O y, por tanto, “el mandato de que Catalunya se convierta en Estado independiente”. ¿Cuándo? No hay plazo. Depende de un diálogo sobre “los resultados” del referéndum que sabe con seguridad que no se va a abrir porque es imposible emprender una negociación con estas premisas. Han ganado los partidarios de una declaración unilateral de independencia (DUI), algo temerosa y en diferido, aunque la frase sea suficiente como para que el Gobierno del PP no pueda quedarse de brazos cruzados. Es una declaración que no se votó, que no será publicada en el Diari Oficial de la Generalitat y que no provocó un estallido de celebraciones en las calles como se supone que haría un pueblo que anhela ese instante desde hace tiempo, pero que puede activar el fatal artículo 155 de la Constitución.

Source: Que se ha proclamado ¿qué?

 
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Posted by on October 16, 2017 in European Union

 

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The AfD’s breakthrough shows that parties of the left must get radical

Some of us are beginning to think it is the end of the project.” That was how a senior European social democrat spoke to me of the future of mainstream socialism last week. The German SPD’s abject failure in Sunday’s election will have done little to lift the gloom. After 12 years of mostly playing sidekick to Angela Merkel, it will go into opposition again, bereft of a strategy and rightly worried about the breakthrough of the far right Alternative for Germany (AfD).

If the leaders of German social democracy are feeling responsible for their own collapse and the far-right’s gain, they can at least take comfort that they are not alone. The French socialist party evaporated in the run-up to this year’s presidential election; the Dutch Labour party saw its vote slump to 5.7%; and the Austrian socialist party is facing defeat in next month’s election – which will likely bring to power the first coalition of mainstream conservatives and neo-fascists in the EU.

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/sep/25/afd-germany-sdp-social-democracy-jeremy-corbyn

 
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Posted by on October 15, 2017 in European Union

 

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Spain’s Crisis is Europe’s Opportunity

ATHENS – To revive the ailing European project, the ugly conflict between Catalonia’s regional government and the Spanish state may be just what the doctor ordered. A constitutional crisis in a major European Union member state creates a golden opportunity to reconfigure the democratic governance of regional, national, and European institutions, thereby delivering a defensible, and thus sustainable, EU.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/catalonia-crisis-new-european-sovereignty-by-yanis-varoufakis-2017-10

 
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Posted by on October 9, 2017 in European Union

 

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Why Are So Many Fascist Monuments Still Standing in Italy?

In the late nineteen-thirties, as Benito Mussolini was preparing to host the 1942 World’s Fair, in Rome, he oversaw the construction of a new neighborhood, Esposizione Universale Roma, in the southwest of the city, to showcase Italy’s renewed imperial grandeur. The centerpiece of the district was the Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana, a sleek rectangular marvel with a façade of abstract arches and rows of neoclassical statues lining its base. In the end, the fair was cancelled because of the war, but the palazzo, known as the Square Colosseum, still stands in Rome today, its exterior engraved with a phrase from Mussolini’s speech, in 1935, announcing the invasion of Ethiopia, in which he described Italians as “a people of poets, artists, heroes, saints, thinkers, scientists, navigators, and transmigrants.” The invasion, and the bloody occupation that followed, would later lead to war-crimes charges against the Italian government. The building is, in other words, a relic of abhorrent Fascist aggression. Yet, far from being shunned, it is celebrated in Italy as a modernist icon. In 2004, the state recognized the palazzo as a site of “cultural interest.” In 2010, a partial restoration was completed, and five years later the fashion house Fendi moved its global headquarters there.Italy, the first Fascist state, has had a long relationship with right-wing politics; with the election of Silvio Berlusconi, in 1994, the country also became the first to bring a neo-Fascist party to power, as part of Berlusconi’s center-right coalition.* But this alone is not enough to explain Italians’ comfort with living amid Fascist symbols. Italy was, after all, home to Western Europe’s biggest anti-Fascist resistance and its most robust postwar Communist Party. Until 2008, center-left coalitions maintained that legacy, often getting more than forty per cent of the vote in elections. So why is it that, as the United States has engaged in a contentious process of dismantling monuments to its Confederate past, and France has rid itself of all streets named after the Nazi collaborationist leader Marshall Pétain, Italy has allowed its Fascist monuments to survive unquestioned?

Source: Why Are So Many Fascist Monuments Still Standing in Italy? | The New Yorker

 
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Posted by on October 9, 2017 in European Union

 

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Why referendums – like with Brexit, Kurdistan and Catalonia – are always doomed to fail

Brexit, Krexit and Crexit: Britain leaves the EU, Kurdistan declares independence from Iraq, Catalonia secedes from Spain – three massive political changes either underway or put on the political agenda by recent referendums. Three very different countries, but in all cases a conviction among a significant number of voters that they would be better off on their own outside any measure of control by a supranational authority like the EU or a nation state like Iraq or Spain.

Referendums have a lot to answer for: no wonder divided governments, demagogues and dictators have such a fondness for them. They have the appearance of popular democracy and give the impression that important decisions are finally being made by reducing complex questions into an over-simple “yes” or “no”. They make public opinion easy to manipulate because what voters are being asked to assent to is most often wishful thinking and what they are opposing is a rag-bag of unrelated grievances. There are a great many unhappy and dissatisfied people in the three countries which have voted in referendums in the last fifteen months, but no reason to suppose that their vote will make them happier or better off.

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/brexit-catalonia-referendum-kurdish-independence-always-doomed-to-fail-a7986836.html

 
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Posted by on October 6, 2017 in Europe, European Union, Middle East

 

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This is why the left can’t bring themselves to back Catalan independence

One of the reliable signs of political opportunism is what, in parallel with particle physics, one may call political correlationism.

Let’s say me and my enemy both hold in our hands a ball, which can be either white or black, and neither of us knows its colour. I am also not allowed to look into my own folded palm, so we have here four possibilities: white-white, black-black, black-white, and white-black. Now let’s suppose that for some reason, we both know that the two balls (the one in my hand and in the one in my enemy’s hand) are opposite in colour – in this case, there are only two possibilities (black-white and white-black). And, if by some luck, I get to know the colour of the ball in the hand of my enemy’s hands, I automatically know the colour of mine – as the two balls are correlated. (This happen when particles are split and heir spins remain correlated – if I measure the spin of one particle, I know automatically the spin of the other.)

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/catalan-independence-referendum-spain-liberal-left-european-union-russia-a7982471.html

 
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Posted by on October 5, 2017 in European Union

 

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