RSS

Category Archives: European Union

Il nazionalismo che viene dall’Europa dell’est

La risposta alla domanda se in Europa centrale i concetti di nazione e nazionalismo hanno un significato diverso che nell’Europa occidentale o negli Stati Uniti è senza dubbio affermativa. Sì, l’idea di nazione nella mente dei polacchi, dei cechi, degli slovacchi, degli ungheresi, dei lituani, dei lettoni, degli estoni, e anche degli ucraini, dei bielorussi, dei romeni, dei moldavi, dei bulgari, degli sloveni, dei croati, dei serbi, dei macedoni, dei musulmani bosniaci, degli albanesi è in molti casi estremamente diversa da quella a cui sono abituati i britannici, i francesi, gli spagnoli, gli italiani e perfino i cittadini della Mitteleuropa, come i tedeschi o gli austriaci. Questa specificità è al tempo stesso motivo di orgoglio e ragione di complessi profondamente nascosti.

Questa riflessione del politologo polacco Radosław Zenderowski, pubblicata nella preziosa raccolta di saggi Understanding Central Europe, è una premessa necessaria se si decide di affrontare la questione del ritorno del nazionalismo in uno spazio geografico particolare – l’Europa centrorientale – proprio mentre il cosiddetto sovranismo, le politiche identitarie e le tendenze autoritarie si diffondono in mezza Europa e in molte altre aree del pianeta.

https://www.internazionale.it/bloc-notes/andrea-pipino/2019/06/14/nazionalismo-europa-orientale

Advertisements
 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 14, 2019 in European Union

 

Tags:

L’Europe, une moribonde qui se porte bien

Il y a désormais une idée neuve en Europe : l’Europe. Plus exactement : l’Union européenne. S’il y a en effet une idée gagnante dans ce scrutin, c’est bien l’idée européenne. Contrairement à tant de pronostics sinistres, à tant de prophéties bidon débitées par les nationalistes, elle a résisté victorieusement à toutes les crises et son assise électorale reste solide. Sa légitimité s’est même renforcée grâce à une participation repartie à la hausse. Alors que la mobilisation des électeurs ne cessait de se dégrader de scrutin en scrutin, elle vient de se redresser nettement, pour repasser au-dessus de la barre des 50 %, meilleur score depuis des lustres. Les affaires de l’UE, de toute évidence, intéressent de nouveau les électeurs, qui savent bien que certains problèmes essentiels – l’écologie, l’immigration, l’agriculture, la pêche, la stratégie industrielle, la monnaie, le dérèglement financier – ne pourront se résoudre sans une coopération renforcée entre les nations de l’Union.

https://www.liberation.fr/planete/2019/05/27/l-europe-une-moribonde-qui-se-porte-bien_1730037

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 11, 2019 in European Union

 

Tags:

Reasons for Hope and Concern in Europe’s Elections

Last week’s elections to the European Parliament, like many other elections these days, were more of an ideological battleground than a process of choosing representatives to a legislature. The populist nationalists on the rise across much of the world had been expected to score big, and to the degree that they fell short there was relief. But there was little else to pop Champagne corks about.

The European Parliament itself is not an institution many Europeans feel strongly about, and past elections have reflected that disinterest. But the rise of populism and a broad dissatisfaction with traditional parties turned this year’s elections into something of a referendum on populist nationalism, on the European Union itself and on the mainstream parties.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 11, 2019 in European Union

 

Tags:

Un altro modo di fare la spesa è possibile

Ha una Coop a cento metri di distanza, un Natura sì proprio di fronte, un Eurospin due strade più in là. Inaugurato da poco più di due mesi nel quartiere di San Donato a Bologna, l’emporio di comunità Camilla sembra letteralmente sulla linea del fronte. Certo, le dimensioni di questo supermercato alternativo non sono neanche lontanamente comparabili a quelle dei colossi vicini: tre stanzoni per circa 150 metri quadri, poca scelta e mirata, frutta e ortaggi freschi e di stagione, legumi, pasta e riso, formaggi, uova e qualche prodotto per l’igiene e la pulizia della casa.

Camilla è un nano in un mondo di giganti. Ma coltiva l’aspirazione di indicare una nuova via: ribaltare la logica della grande distribuzione organizzata (gdo), che offre cibo ai consumatori a prezzi bassi facendo tirare al massimo la cinghia ai fornitori. Qui non ci sono sconti, sottocosto, tre-per-due.

C’è in compenso la trasparenza totale della filiera: tutti i prodotti vengono da aziende rigorosamente biologiche, che aderiscono alla filosofia del progetto. E che ricevono per i loro prodotti una più che adeguata remunerazione.

https://www.internazionale.it/reportage/stefano-liberti/2019/05/30/spesa-consumo-responsabile

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on June 7, 2019 in European Union, Uncategorized

 

Tags:

A true European democracy begins with equal rights for all

For the current round of European elections, it has been European citizens who have taken the lead: they are out on the streets of Europe, organising demonstrations (such as European May, or #oneEuropeforAll), running roadshows (“European Alternatives”), offering free interrail journeys to young people, writing one manifesto after the other (VoxEurop, EuropaNow!, Civico Europa’s call for a new European renaissance, and many others), creating transnational parties (Volt, DiEM25, European Spring) and making their presence felt at markets across Europe each and every Sunday at 2pm, like PulseofEurope.

Virtual European passports are being distributed online by Austrian rock band Bilderbuch, along with German comedian Jan Böhmermann. There has been an unprecedented popular mobilisation during these European elections, and it seems to be working: 59 percent of Polish citizens intend to go to the ballot box, which would be twice as many who voted in 2014; similarly, 69 percent of Germans say they will vote, which would represent a 20 percent increase in turnout. Never has the European Commission spent so much time and money on communication and events to discuss the benefits that the EU brings, and challenges it faces.

https://voxeurop.eu/en/2019/27-voices-europe-5123263

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on May 27, 2019 in European Union, Uncategorized

 

Tags:

What Do Europeans Really Want?

In less than a month, Europeans will cast their ballots to elect the next European Parliament. If you read the Continent’s major newspapers and listen to political leaders, you will come to believe that the European electorate is radically polarized and voters are prepared to make a fateful choice. The elections this month, we often hear, will become a kind of referendum. The far right expects it to be a referendum on migration (or more accurately, on Brussels’s failure to deal with it), while progressive pro-Europeans foresee it as a referendum on the very survival of the European Union. Far-right strategists hope that the election will resemble Donald Trump’s 2016 victory, while pro-European progressives expect the elections to resemble the second round of the presidential vote in France in 2017, when Emmanuel Macron defeated Marine Le Pen. Both sides, we are told, agree on one thing: We face a tribal war between populist-nationalists and committed Europeanists.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on May 27, 2019 in European Union, Uncategorized

 

Tags:

La legge del mare

Dal 2015 al 2017 ho visto mutare profondamente l’atteggiamento dell’opinione pubblica rispetto a questi viaggi e a chi li intraprende, nel giro di un tempo ancora più breve ho assistito all’esplosione di un clima di sospetto verso i soccorritori, i volontari, chiunque pratichi la solidarietà. Un clima, occorre dirlo, che si è diffuso in tutta Europa, in particolare nei paesi governati dai partiti della destra. I soccorritori, con le loro denunce e le loro testimonianze, sono diventati testimoni scomodi e sono stati oggetto di una campagna di discredito, un processo di criminalizzazione che è partito dal basso e ha trovato ampio spazio nelle dichiarazioni e nelle iniziative più o meno esplicite di diversi politici. Le voci di chi cercava di aiutare, di salvare vite, di intervenire là dove l’Europa si mostrava incapace sono state marginalizzate e lo spazio umanitario d’intervento si è rapidamente ridotto, non solo in mare ma anche sul fronte dell’accoglienza.

http://www.italiaperme.com/la-legge-del-mare-annalisa-camilli/

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on May 20, 2019 in European Union

 

Tags: , ,

The politics of suburbia in Europe

FROM MAY 23rd to 26th, voters in the EU will elect a new European Parliament. But where is the bellwether? What sort of place, on a sprawling and diverse continent, reveals its overall state of mind? The crucial divide used to be left versus right. Areas with co-operative or working-class economic traditions (Emilia Romagna in Italy or the Ruhr in Germany) tended to the left. Strongholds of political centralism (Castile in Spain), prosperous borderlands (Skane in Sweden) or regions with a self-sufficient spirit (Bavaria in Germany) leant right. The bellwethers were the places that blended those tendencies: Lower Saxony in Germany, for example, or Aragon in Spain.

https://www.economist.com/europe/2019/05/11/the-politics-of-suburbia-in-europe

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on May 17, 2019 in European Union, Uncategorized

 

Tags:

Filling a gap: the clandestine gang fixing Rome illegally

It is 6am on a Sunday and the streets of the Ostiense neighbourhood in southern Rome are empty. The metro has just opened and nearby cafes still await their first customers.

Seven men and women are working hard, their faces obscured by scarves and hoodies as they unload bags of cement and sand from a car near the Basilica of St Paul Outside the Walls.

They are not criminals. Members of the secret Gap organisation, they hide their identities because what they are doing – fixing a broken pavement without official permission – is technically illegal.

https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/apr/10/filling-a-gap-the-clandestine-gang-fixing-rome-illegally?CMP=share_btn_fb

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on May 9, 2019 in European Union

 

Tags:

Mussolini Resurfaces in Milan

“A banner is a banner, nothing more” wrote Giovanni Bianconi on the front page of Corriere della Sera, the leading Italian daily. “But also nothing less.”

His piece flanked a photograph of a crowd in central Milan holding aloft with one arm a banner saying, “Honor to Benito Mussolini,” their other arms outstretched in a Fascist salute. The gathering this week took place not far from Piazzale Loreto, where the Fascist dictator was hung upside down at a gas station after being executed by Italy’s partisan liberators on April 28, 1945.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on May 9, 2019 in European Union

 

Tags: